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The new spirit of neoliberalism: equality and economic prosperity



Type:   Article
Titre:   The new spirit of neoliberalism: equality and economic prosperity
Auteur(s):   Périvier, Hélène (1973-...) - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
Sénac, Réjane (1975-...) - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Auteur)
In:   International Social Science Journal
Date de publication:   2017
Éditeur:   ÉTATS-UNIS  :  Blackwell Publishing
ISSN:   00208701
DOI:   10.1111/issj.12131
Mots-clés:   [en] Performance, Equality policies, Discrimination, Social investment
Résumé:   [en] The 21st century began with a global crisis that is both economic and political in nature. In this context, an approach based on demonstrating how equality policies and the struggle against various types of discriminations are ‘performing’ has emerged. The approach is designed to show that priority must be given to implementation of the principle of equality, with ‘performance’ measured in terms of a cost-benefit analysis from an economic and social perspective. We analyze public justification of contemporary policies on gender equality and the fight against discrimination to highlight the consequences of this approach. We look at the role of equality in market regulation in order to shed light on the complex links between economic development and social progress. We show that justifications of equality policies draw on a cost-benefit analysis which legitimates them in the name of the economic and social benefits expected. We conclude that the foundations of equality and social justice are weakened by the importance accorded to the supposed or imagined benefits of equality policies and anti-discrimination. Equality thus submitted to a demonstration of its performance is no longer a principle but rather an option dependent on such demonstration.

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