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Indian Secularism and Its Challenges



Type:   Partie ou chapitre de livre
Titre:   Indian Secularism and Its Challenges
Auteur(s):   Jaffrelot, Christophe (1964-...) - Centre de recherches internationales (Auteur)
In:   Forms of Pluralism and Democratic Constitutionalism
Date de publication:   2018-09
Éditeur:   New York  :  Columbia University Press
ISBN:   9780231187022
Mots-clés:   [en] India, secularism, Hinduism, politics, nationalism, minorities
Résumé:   [en] [...] Jaffrelot's essay traces the trajectory of the current crisis of Indian secularism, documenting the demise of principled distance and impartiality toward religious minorities and majorities in the relevant court decisions from the mid-1980s onward. The equation of Hinduism with Hinduvta, Hindu nationalist ideology, began to penetrate those decisions and to undermine Indian secularism by entrenching an ethno-religious, exclusionary version of national identity and of the Indian "cultural" way of life at the expense of religious minorities' equal citizenship and equal standing in the polity. He considers two competing explanatory approaches to the crisis of Indian secularism: one culturalist, the other political, and clearly favors the latter. [...]

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