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Measures, drivers and effects of green employment : evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014

 

Notice

Type:   Working paper
 
Titre:   Measures, drivers and effects of green employment : evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014
 
Auteur(s):   Vona, Francesco (1977-...) - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
Marin, Giovanni - University of Urbino (Auteur)
Consoli, Davide - Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management (Auteur)
 
Date de publication:   2016-07
 
Éditeur:   Paris  :  OFCE
 
Collection:   Working paper de l'OFCE  :  2016-22
 
Mots-clés:   [en] Green employment, Local labor markets, Environmental regulation, Environmental technologies, Local multipliers
 
JEL:   J23,  O33,  Q52,  R23
 
Résumé:   [en] This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities ofgreen employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. Weconstruct a new measure of green employment based on the task contentof occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals the following: 1. the share of green employment oscillates between 2 and 3 percent, and its trend isstrongly pro-cyclical; 2. green jobs yield a 4 percent wage premium; 3.despite moderate catching-up across areas, green jobs remain more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and 4. the top greenareas are mostly high-tech. As regards the drivers, changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force compared to the local endowment of green knowledge and resilience in the face of the great recession. To assess the impact of moving to greener activities, we estimate that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.4 in the crisis period) newjobs in non-tradable activities in the local economies.
 
URL:   http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravail/WP2016-22.pdf
 
 

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Version de l'auteur wp2016-22-vona-measuresdrivers.pdf 0,99 MB