Auteurs Centres de recherche Disciplines et Collections Projets
Français English
 
 

Around the “G” Word: From Raphael Lemkin’s Definition to Current Memorial and Academic Controversies

 

Notice

Type:   Article
 
Titre:   Around the “G” Word: From Raphael Lemkin’s Definition to Current Memorial and Academic Controversies
 
Auteur(s):   Sémelin, Jacques - Centre de recherches internationales (Auteur)
 
In:   Genocide Studies and Prevention
 
Date de publication:   2012
 
Éditeur:   CANADA  :  University of Toronto Press
 
Volume:   7
 
Numéro:   1
 
Pages:   24-29  p.
 
ISSN:   19110359
 
DOI:   10.3138/gsp.7.1.24
 
Mots-clés:   [en] Genocide, Massacre, Mass violence, Crime against humanity
 
Résumé:   [en] The term “genocide” has generated passion and misunderstanding since its coining in 1944 by Raphael Lemkin. Applying this term to very heterogeneous historical and current situations brings up many objections and debates. The first problem arising from the word genocide concerns its uses, including its memorial, humanitarian, legal, and political purposes. Scholars are divided about its meaning. However, this article stresses that the global digital academic enterprise, Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence, represents today a unique effort to gather the most important historical cases of mass human destruction, with respect to their own singularity, while offering a way to compare them according to the same framework of analysis. It builds a strong body of knowledge and follows a rigorous methodology, including a peer-review process. This article also brings some clarifications to three questions: the relationship of genocide studies with international law, the strong tendency in this field to qualify any massacre as genocide, and the legal relevance of the notion of crime against humanity.
 
 

Fichiers

Version Format Fichier Taille
Version de l'auteur 2012-semelin-around-the-g-word.pdf 0,16 MB
 

Résolveur de liens