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Identity, Conflict and Politics in Turkey, Iran and Pakistan



Type:   Livre
Titre:   Identity, Conflict and Politics in Turkey, Iran and Pakistan
Auteur(s):   Dorronsoro, Gilles - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
Grojean, Olivier - École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
Centre de recherches internationales (Éditeur scientifique)
Date de publication:   2018-05
Éditeur:   London  :  Hurst Publishers
Collection:   Comparative Politics and International Studies Series
Pages:   282  p.
ISBN:   9781849043724
Mots-clés:   [en] Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, identity, social-economic transformations
Résumé:   [en] Ethnic and religious identity-markers compete with class and gender as principles shaping the organisation and classification of everyday life. But how are an individual’s identity-based conflicts transformed and redefined? Identity is a specific form of social capital, hence contexts where multiple identities obtain necessarily come with a hierarchy, with differences, and hence with a certain degree of hostility. The contributors to this book examine the rapid transformation of identity hierarchies affecting Iran, Pakistan and Turkey, a symptom of political fractures, social-economic transformation, and new regimes of subjectification. They focus on the state’s role in organising access to resources, with its institutions often being the main target of demands, rather than competing social groups. Such contexts enable entrepreneurs of collective action to exploit identity differences, which in turn help them to expand the scale of their mobilisation and to align local and national conflicts. The authors also examine how identity-based violence may be autonomous in certain contexts, and serve to prime collective action and transform the relations between communities. (Publisher's abstract)

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