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Climate policies and Skill-biased employment dynamics : evidence from EU countries

 

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Type:   Working paper
 
Titre:   Climate policies and Skill-biased employment dynamics : evidence from EU countries
 
Auteur(s):   Marin, Giovanni - University of Urbino (Auteur)
Vona, Francesco (1977-...) - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
 
Date de publication:   2018-07
 
Éditeur:   Paris  :  OFCE
 
Collection:   OFCE Working Paper  :  23
 
Mots-clés:   [en] Climate policies, Workforce skills, Cluster analysis, Multiple exposure to structural shocks
 
JEL:   J24,  Q52
 
Résumé:   [en] The political acceptability of climate policies is undermined by job-killing arguments, especially for the least-skilled workers. However, evidence for distributional impacts for different workers remains scant. We examine the associations between climate policies, proxied by energy prices and a stringency index, and workforce skills for 14 European countries and 15 industrial sectors over the period of 1995-2011. We find that, while the long-term decline in employment in most carbon-intensive sectors is unrelated to policy stringency, climate policies have been skill biased against manual workers and have favoured technicians and professionals. This skill bias is confirmed using a shift-share instrumental variable estimator
 
URL:   https://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/pdf/dtravail/OFCEWP2018-23.pdf
 
 

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Version de l'auteur wp2018-23-climate-policy-and-skill-biased-employment-gmarin.pdf 1,08 MB