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The rise of populism and the collapse of the left-right paradigm



Type:   Working paper
Titre:   The rise of populism and the collapse of the left-right paradigm : Lessons from the 2017 French presidential election
Auteur(s):   Algan, Yann (1974-...) - Département d'économie (Auteur)
Foucault, Martial (1972-...) - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Auteur)
Cohen, Daniel - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics (Auteur)
Beasley, Elizabeth - Département d'économie (Auteur)
Date de publication:   2018-08
Éditeur:   Centre for Economic Policy Research
Collection:   CEPR Discussion Paper  :  13103
Mots-clés:   [fr] Election présidentielle, Populisme [en] French presidential election, Populism
JEL:   P26
Résumé:   [en] We examine the dislocation from the traditional left-right political axis in the 2017 French election, analyze support for populist movements and show that subjective variables are key to understanding it. Votes on the traditional left-right axis are correlated to ideology concerning redistribution, and predicted by socio-economic variables such as income and social status. Votes on the new diagonal opposing “open vs closed society” are predicted by individual and subjective variables. More specifically, low well-being predicts anti-system opinions (from the left or from the right) while low interpersonal trust (ITP) predicts right-wing populism.