[en] The current economic crisis has deeply affected European labour markets.
Employment has dropped more or less in all countries. Female employment was
less affected by the recession phase of the crisis than male employment.
The second stage, characterised by the implementation of stimulus packages,
should have been more favorable to male employment. The third stage, during
which austerity plans have been introduced, might be particularly harsh for
female employment. These gendered effects of the crisis are basically explained
by sectoral segregation based on gender. The aim of this paper is to describe and
analyse the trend in employment for women and men during the different
stages of current crisis in eight European countries. We break down the evolution
of employment by sectors for men and women by using a shift-share
analysis. In some countries, specifically in Spain, the impact of the crisis has led
to a narrowing of the gender gap; this is mainly explained by gender sectoral
segregation. In the UK and Denmark, women have been less protected by
sectoral segregation, because they have experienced more job losses than they
should have if their distribution across the different economic sectors had
remained the same during the crisis.