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Stealing to Survive ? Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France

 

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Type:   Article
 
Titre:   Stealing to Survive ? Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France
 
Auteur(s):   Bignon, Vincent - Banque de France (Auteur)
Caroli, Eve - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine (Leda) (Auteur)
Galbiati, Roberto (1977-...) - Département d'économie (Auteur)
 
In:   The Economic Journal G
 
Date de publication:   2015-01
 
Éditeur:   ROYAUME-UNI  :  John Wiley & Sons
 
Volume:   Forthcoming
 
ISSN:   00130133
 
DOI:   10.1111/ecoj.12270
 
Mots-clés:   [en] Crime, Income Shock, Phylloxera, 19th Century France
 
JEL:   K42,  N33,  R11
 
Résumé:   [en] Using local administrative data from 1826 to 1936, we document the evolution of crime rates in 19th century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Our identification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera destroyed about 40% of French vineyards. We use the geographical variation in the timing of this shock to identify its impact on property and violent crime rates, as well as minor offences. Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis caused a substantial increase in property crime rates and a significant decrease in violent crimes.
 
 

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