CONSULTER ...les dernières publications
In the context of the calls for sufficiency held by climate experts, consumption is a major lever of ecological transition. Following numerous social sciences studies, I suggest that the belief that such an ecological transition could rest on the shoulders of consumers alone is illusory. I highlight the strong interdependencies within a political economy of affluent consumption between public policies, corporate business models and consumer practices. Taking an economic sociological and Foucauldian perspective, I develop a research agenda to explore how affluent consumption becomes a legitimised and institutionalised norm. Affluent consumption, which is highly resource intensive, is structural in both economic policies of governments and business models of companies and is therefore constantly organised and governed. However, it is not imposed on individuals by force. The government of consumption is based on technologies of power that shape and orient consumers’ conduct, leading them to adopt the norms of affluent consumption by activating and playing on their dispositions acquired through market socialisation.
in Cambridge Handbook of Constitutional Theory Sous la direction de BELLAMY Richard, KING Jeff Publié en 2022
What does it mean to treat people as equals when the legacies of feudalism, religious persecution, authoritarian, paternalistic and oligarchic government have shaped the landscape within which we must construct something better? This question has come to dominate much constitutional practice as well as philosophical inquiry in the past 50 years. The combination of Second Wave Feminism with the continuing struggle for racial equality in the 1970s brought into sharp relief the variety of ways in which people can be treated unequally, while respecting the formalities of constitutional government. Above all, what these two great political movements made plain, is that a concern for group inequality and, specifically, group injustice must figure in the formulation and adjudication of individual rights, if legal protections for equality are adequately to combat the causes of inequality. Getting to grips with that challenge, it became obvious, required going beyond the familiar analyses of inequality inherited from Liberalism and Marxism, given the many different ways in which people can be equal or unequal.(Hackett and Haslanger 2006, 3 - 15) In the first part of this chapter, I will seek to illustrate these claims, by focusing on efforts to reframe the theory and practice of constitutional equality in light of demands for sexual and racial equality. I will then show that analytic philosophy has also come to recognise the various non-reducible dimensions of equality in ways that reinforce the claims of critical legal theory, even as philosophers highlight their disconcerting consequences. If equality has multiple irreducible dimensions, conflicts between the legitimate demands of equality are unavoidable features of law and politics, even in the best possible world, and are likely to be particularly painful when set against a background of historical injustice. The chapter concludes with the challenges to democratic constitutionalism, and the scope for constructive responses to those challenges, which the rapprochement between critical and analytic thinking on equality suggests.
in Chroniques de l'Europe Sous la direction de Publié en 2022-01
À partir de témoignages européens, de photographies prises sur place et de souvenirs des acteurs de l’époque, cet article étudie les « cimetières de la conquête » en Afrique centrale des années 1880 aux années 1900, à savoir tous les sites funéraires mis en place pour recueillir et honorer les dépouilles des militaires européens engagés par l’État indépendant du Congo pour occuper ce vaste territoire colonial. Après avoir décrit les pratiques funéraires précédant l’enterrement, cette étude met en perspective les différentes formes prises par ces cimetières, depuis la tombe individuelle et collective isolée jusqu’aux plus grands espaces funéraires des centres urbains, en passant par tous les signes commémoratifs mis en place. Elle insiste en particulier sur les pratiques funéraires importées d’Europe, en particulier dans la mise en place d’un cimetière clos et hygiéniste. Elle montre également le caractère fondamentalement politique de ces espaces funéraires, sources de tensions et de contestations avec les populations autochtones mais aussi lieux de mémoire essentiels pour les familles, les militaires et l’État colonial.
in Building a New Yemen. Recovery, Transition and the International Community Sous la direction de ALSOSWA Amat Al Alim Publié en 2021-11
Contemporary Yemen holds a paradoxical place in the imagination and policies of the international community. While often being depicted as a strategic country located at the crossroads of continents and commercial routes, or as a source of quasi-existential threat when contemporary jihadi groups are mentioned, its habitants remain marginalized. The strategies of the world’s great or regional powers focusing on Yemen have thus generally lacked coherence, continuity, and relevance. Dominant interest for Yemen among foreign decision makers and experts has for long appeared to be structured around a set of selective obsessions (Bonnefoy, 2018) . These rarely had much to do with Yemen itself and more often than not let its inhabitants appear as pawns of wider dynamics.
in Contemporary Populists in Power Sous la direction de DIECKHOFF Alain, JAFFRELOT Christophe, MASSICARD Elise Publié en 2021-11
The March 1943 deportation of Jews from Bulgarian-held territories in Greece left few visual traces. Among them is a silent film, with oddly edited footage. This article reconstructs the afterlife of this footage during the Cold War, tracking its multiple uses and transformations. In so doing, it sheds light on the production of knowledge about the Holocaust and the transnational history of the East-West divide. As the visual document migrated across countries and beyond the Iron Curtain, it was transformed from a “trophy archive” into legal evidence, successively acquiring documentary, judicial, and commemorative value. In the 1960s, the footage became a cornerstone of German-Bulgarian efforts to prosecute the former Reich Minister Plenipotentiary to Sofia, Adolf-Heinz Beckerle. Along with contributing to the visual history of the Holocaust, an examination of the uses of the 1943 footage illustrates patterns of East-West cooperation that gave the Cold War its unique shape.
This paper brings memory and migration studies together. It focuses on the way the past was used in the context of the ‘refugee crisis’ in Germany in 2015/2016. The analysis concentrates on how politicians and journalists used the memory of Germans’ own migrations to legitimise rhetorically the political decision to open the borders and let more than a million people into the country, as well as to call for a welcoming attitude (Willkommenskultur) towards the refugees. It shows how, by doing so, they have contributed to the reframing of one of the founding identity narratives of the FRG, namely the one about ‘flight and expulsion’, and thus helped to redraw Germany’s identity boundaries in a more inclusive way.
Deracialization in America: Extending or Transcending Critical Race Theory? -- Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a heterogeneous movement whose most distinctive feature is the focus on race as both a political and legal construction and a matrix of unjust and cumulative inequalities. One of its major achievements is a sophisticated critique of the ideology of color-blindness, which fails to distinguish between different dimensions of race and conflates deracialization as ultimate goal and deracialization as immediately binding constraint on state action. Paradoxically, however, because of their emphasis on the structural and seemingly insuperable character of racism, most scholars associated with CRT do not attempt to identify the instruments and mechanisms through which the social institution of race, as defined above, might be undone. This essay offers a step in that direction.
in Site du CERI Publié en 2021-10-18
Après trois années passées en affectation CNRS à Oman, Laurent Bonnefoy a retrouvé le CERI en septembre dernier. Ce retour de terrain lui donne l’occasion de présenter ici quelques brèves réflexions, nées notamment de la crise sanitaire et de sa gestion par la société et l’Etat de ce coin, souvent négligé, de la péninsule arabique.
Plan de l'article : - Les quatre gestes esthétiques qui rendent la possibilité de la guerre nucléaire imaginable par la fiction et le rôle de la hantise ; - La possibilité de la guerre nucléaire dans la culture populaire visuelle des années 1950 aux années 1980 ; - Comment la possibilité de la guerre nucléaire a disparu de la culture populaire visuelle après la guerre froide ; - Comment les codes du héros-guerrier-protecteur rendent la guerre nucléaire impossible : Le Chant du loup et la franchise Mission: Impossible ; - Comment rendre la guerre nucléaire imaginable
in Los aludes torrenciales de 1999 en Vargas, 20 anos después Publié en 2021-10-15
En 1999, flujos de lodo devastaron la costa venezolana. A raíz de esta catástrofe natural de extraordinaria violencia, se hicieron muchos intentos para explicar el hecho y darle sentido. Este esfuerzo colectivo, que permitió no sólo a las víctimas sino a todo el país dar un significado al desastre, también se tradujo en la definición de acciones que pudieran evitar que esa tragedia vuelva a ocurrir. Las herramientas utilizadas para desenmarañar el desastre se refirieron a diferentes escenarios que brindaban marcos para el pensamiento y la acción. El artículo arroja luz sobre la forma en que el simbolismo religioso, el pensamiento naturalista o el discurso del riesgo convivieron y fueron apelados alternativamente por los distintos actores involucrados: instituciones, iglesias, vecinos, periodistas, políticos
Bayram Balci et Nicolas Monceau et les dix contributeurs de Turkey, Russia and Iran in the Middle East. Establishing a New Regional Order publié dans la collection du CERI chez Palgrave explorent la complexité du conflit syrien et ses effets sur les politiques étrangères russe, iranienne et turque et sur la nouvelle gouvernance du Moyen-Orient qu’ils tentent d’opérer. Si de nombreux articles et de nombreux ouvrages ont été écrits sur ce conflit qui dure depuis plus de dix ans, aucune publication n’examine ensemble et comparativement la manière dont ces trois États y participent. Entretien avec Bayram Balci et Nicolas Monceau. Propos recueillis par Miriam Périer.
À partir d’entretiens avec des personnes converties à l’islam et d’observations ethnographiques dans une organisation musulmane américaine, cet article interroge la prévalence du registre discursif de l’individualisme religieux dans les récits de conversion. Il cherche à mettre en perspective ces récits en repérant la manière dont des organisations religieuses continuent de façonner durablement les croyances et les pratiques. Dans l’association étudiée, qui touche principalement les fractions aisées et éduquées de la population musulmane, le travail de conversion ainsi mené tire son efficacité de son euphémisation. Ce travail de conversion est aussi un travail de distinction qui traduit des préférences de classe et vise à se démarquer d’autres interprétations de l’islam.
in Site du CERI Sous la direction de Centre de recherches internationales Publié en 2021-10-13
GUEVARA Erica
Entretien avec Erica Guevara, auteur de "L’observation électorale en Amérique latine. Acteurs, méthodes, points de vue", Etude du CERI, n° 257. Propos recueillis par Corinne Deloy.
in Centre arabe de recherches et d’études politiques de Paris (CAREP Paris) Publié en 2021-10-13
Entretien réalisé avec Stéphanie Latte Abdallah autour de son ouvrage La toile carcérale. Une histoire de l’enfermement en Palestine (Bayard, 2021). Propos recueillis par Isabel Ruck.
In the 1970s, the Soviet journalist and writer Aleksandr Prokhanov (born 1938) sought to initiate a new literary aesthetic based on a syncretic vision of technology and spirituality. While he represented an isolated position in conservative circles during the Soviet Union, his enthusiasm for technological modernity is now commonplace among contemporary Russian conservatives. Prokhanov has managed to evolve from the position of a fringe ideologue at the margins of the public sphere in the 1990s to a public figure whose ideas are circulated on state mass media and co-opted by political authorities since the late 2000s. This article studies the formation and circulation of Prokhanov’s reactionary modernism across the transition from the Soviet Union to post-Soviet Russia. It claims that Prokhanov’s hybrid ideology stems from his dual commitment to an anticonformist intellectual background and a loyalist state patriotism. It argues that, on top of his ability to popularize extremist ideas through their literary aestheticization, Prokhanov has successfully developed the resources of an ideological entrepreneur with leadership capacity and charismatic authority among anti-liberal milieus. In the 2000s, his discourse gained legitimacy, strategic utility and public visibility when these capacities matched a shift in the cultural and political contexts brought about by Vladimir Putin’s presidency.
in Site du CERI Publié en 2021-10-07
A historian and specialist of the Middle East, Professor Jean-Pierre Filiu is the author of the much acclaimed Le milieu des mondes. Pour une histoire laïque du Moyen Orient, de 395 à nos jours (The Middle of the Worlds: A Secular History of the Middle East from 395 CE to the Present), in which he adopts a distinctly secular approach, exploring and giving us keys to understanding one and a half millennia of the region’s history, starting with the founding of the Eastern Roman Empire in 395 CE. Jean-Pierre Filiu answers our questions. Interview by Miriam Périer, CERI.
in Leiden Journal of International Law Publié en 2021-10-07
This article examines how the encounter between China and international law is narrated in the English-speaking and Chinese literature and sheds light on the politics thereof. It particularly shows that the English-speaking and Chinese-speaking literature diverge as to the order of meaning in which the encounter between China and international law is registered. It demonstrates that the divergences between these bodies of literature are everything but innocent.