Co-auteur
  • IAFRATE Massimo (1)
  • KARLSSON Jesper (1)
Type de Document
  • Rapport (2)
  • Working paper (2)
  • Compte-rendu d’ouvrage (1)
La participation des jeunes, femmes et hommes, dans un secteur agricole caractérisé par une main d’oeuvre vieillissante est fondamentale pour assurer une sécurité alimentaire durable, réduire le chômage des jeunes et lutter contre les migrations non planifiées. En exploitant leur potentiel d’innovation, en utilisant de nouvelles technologies et techniques, et en tirant parti des possibilités offertes par les nouvelles chaînes de valeur, les jeunes agri-entrepreneurs pourraient créer des entreprises florissantes et relever le défi consistant à nourrir une population croissante. Toutefois, les jeunes sont souvent incapables d’effectuer les investissements nécessaires pour démarrer ou développer avec succès leurs propres activités agricoles ou de transformation. Inversement, ils ne sont peut-être pas en mesure de tirer parti des possibilités offertes dans les chaînes d’approvisionnement agricoles par les gros investisseurs. Donner les moyens aux jeunes de réaliser des investissements responsables dans l’agriculture et d’en bénéficier en donnant la parole à ceux qui sont les plus concernés – les jeunes agriculteurs, agri-entrepreneurs et travailleurs, et ceux qui les soutiennent – pose des défis et offre des possibilités que le présent rapport se propose de mieux faire comprendre. Il fait la synthèse des principales conclusions issues d’une série d’ateliers d’évaluation multipartite des capacités avec des participants venus de six pays – Afrique du Sud, Côte d’Ivoire, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibie et Ouganda.

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Compte rendu de l'ouvrage : Asmara Klein, Camille Laporte, Marie Saiget, Les bonnes pratiques des organisations internationales (The good practices of international organisations) (Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2015, pp. 241, ISBN 978-2-7246-1720-7)

This paper summarizes the good practices by nine selected OECD countries that seek to promote responsible foreign investment in developing country agriculture, primarily by investors in their territory or jurisdiction. The study provides examples of the increasing trend of home countries in establishing binding legal norms and other mechanisms as safeguards that are relevant for agricultural investment. It finds that states apply some specific provisions to hold private corporate actors investing in agriculture abroad accountable, for example in regard to bribery of foreign public officials. Investment home countries are also increasingly using safeguards relevant for agricultural investment by companies that are controlled by the state or seek its support. Furthermore, Public‑Private Partnerships are increasingly used in development assistance projects as a means to promote responsible agricultural investment. In these cases, the safeguards usually imply the use of negotiated and approved instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT). The Principles for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems (CFS-RAI), endorsed in 2014 by the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), are likely to become a major guidance instrument, given recent declarations by the G7 and G20.

Engaging young women and men in an agricultural sector characterized by an ageing labour force is crucial to ensure sustainable food security, reduce youth unemployment and combat unplanned migration. By harnessing their innovative potential, utilizing new technologies and techniques and taking advantage of new opportunities in emerging value chains, young agri-entrepreneurs could create thriving businesses and tackle the challenge of feeding a growing population. However, youth are often unable to carry out the investments needed to ensure that their own farming or processing activities can be successfully launched or expanded. Conversely, neither may they be able to benefit from opportunities in agricultural supply chains provided by larger-scale investors. This report aims to enhance understanding on the main challenges and opportunities to empower youth to carry out and benefit from responsible agricultural investment by giving voice to those most concerned – young farmers, agri-entrepreneurs and workers, and those who support them. It summarizes the main findings from a series of multi-stakeholder capacity assessment workshops with participants from six countries – Côte d’Ivoire, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Uganda.

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This paper analyses foreign direct investment (FDI) flows in food, beverages and tobacco, including primary agriculture and retail, from 2003 to 2014. It provides information on global, regional and - where possible - national trends in FDI flows in food, beverages and tobacco. When data are available, this study also provides more detailed insights into particular qualitative traits of FDI flows, such as whether FDI seems to be market- or resource-seeking, or in how far changes in sub-sector-specific investment could be linked to changes in consumer demand. Thus it contributes to the ongoing global debate on the relevance and characteristics of FDI in developing country agriculture.