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  • WYSS Marco (4)
  • BÉRAUD-SUDREAU Lucie (2)
  • LEQUESNE Christian (2)
  • UTTLEY Matthew (1)
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  • Article (12)
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in La politique étrangère. Approches disciplinaires Sous la direction de MEIJER Hugo, LEQUESNE Christian, MEIJER Hugo Publié en 2018-04-10
JOANA Jean
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[résumé de l'ouvrage] Il existe peu d’ouvrages sur l’analyse de la politique étrangère en langue française et la plupart d’entre eux découpent l’objet d’étude de manière soit thématique, soit géographique, soit théorique (théories de l’analyse de la politique étrangère et des relations internationales). Ce livre se démarque clairement de ces travaux. Son ambition est de réaliser un tour d’horizon des grands questionnements, des théories, des concepts et des méthodes qui traversent les différentes disciplines de sciences humaines et sociales, et qui peuvent enrichir et affiner l’étude de la politique étrangère. Il met ainsi à jour avec rigueur et clarté toute la complexité de l’analyse de la politique étrangère.

in International Politics Sous la direction de DIAN Matteo, MEIJER Hugo Publié en 2019-10-16
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This Special Issue aims to explain the transition from the Cold War US-led system of exclusive bilateral alliances in East Asia (or “hub-and-spokes” system) into a “networked security architecture”, i.e. a network of interwoven bilateral, minilateral and multilateral defence arrangements between the US and its regional allies and partners, and that also partly includes China. Drawing from the English School of International Relations, it challenges dominant Structural Realist explanations which interpret such development as a form of external balancing against a revisionist China. By contrast, this Special Issue submits that China’s selective contestation of the US-led hegemonic order in East Asia has sparked a renegotiation of such order among regional powers, which has resulted in the restructuring of the underlying alliances and defence partnerships into a networked security architecture. Specifically, regional powers have sought to broaden the composition of the US-led hegemonic order in East Asia—by diversifying the range of defence ties between US allies and partners, but also by seeking to include the PRC in it. Thereby, rather than merely balancing the People’s Republic of China, they have sought to channel the trajectory of China’s rise within this hegemonic order through a mixture of resistance and accommodation. This introductory paper develops the theoretical framework and central argument of the Special Issue.

in Revue internationale de politique comparée Publié en 2016
BÉRAUD-SUDREAU Lucie
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Dans un marché de l’armement qui se mondialise, marqué par une forte compétition et d’importantes contraintes budgétaires, les gouvernements encouragent les exportations militaires afin de soutenir leurs industries de défense. Toutefois, les politiques d’exportation d’armes diffèrent considérablement d’un État à l’autre, tant en ce qui concerne les technologies transférées que les pays destinataires. Cet article propose un schéma explicatif et une typologie articulant facteurs internationaux et nationaux afin d’appréhender les variations dans les politiques d’exportation d’armement. Il s’agit de montrer que le poids relatif des considérations stratégiques et économiques dans l’élaboration des politiques d’exportation d’armes dépend, sur le plan international, du positionnement de l’État dans la hiérarchie mondiale des producteurs d’armement et, sur le plan national, du degré de dépendance à l’exportation de son industrie de défense. Cette typologie est ensuite testée à travers une comparaison des politiques américaine et française d’exportation d’armement, à partir d’entretiens réalisés à Washington D.C. et à Paris et de câbles diplomatiques fuités par Wikileaks. Cet article contribue ainsi d’un point de vue tant théorique qu’empirique à l’étude d’un domaine sous-exploré de l’action extérieure des États, à la frontière entre enjeux stratégiques et économiques, et des enchevêtrements entre dimensions internes et externes de l’action publique œuvrant ainsi au rapprochement entre relations internationales et analyse comparée des politiques publiques.

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In light of the intertwining logics of military competition and economic interdependence at play in Sino–American relations, this paper examines how the United States has balanced conflicting national security and economic interests in the making of US export control policy on defense-related technology toward China. Relying upon a large body of primary sources (including 170 interviews), it seeks to contribute to the understanding of this strategically sensitive yet neglected area of Sino–American relations. It is shown that, as a consequence of the erosion of the US capacity to control the diffusion of defense-related technology to China in the post-Cold War era, a growing set of actors within the United States has reassessed the security/economic calculus in Washington's relationship with Beijing. Specifically, this coalition advocates the streamlining of export controls to sustain the defense and technological industrial base and thereby maintain American military/technological preeminence vis-à-vis a rising China.

Sous la direction de MEIJER Hugo, WYSS Marco Publié en 2018-07
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The armed forces of Europe have undergone a dramatic transformation since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces provides the first comprehensive analysis of national security and defence policies, strategies, doctrines, capabilities, and military operations, as well as the alliances and partnerships of European armed forces in response to the security challenges Europe has faced since the end of the cold war. A truly cross-European comparison of the evolution of national defence policies and armed forces remains a notable blind spot in the existing literature. The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces aims to fill this gap with fifty-one contributions on European defence and international security from around the world. The six parts focus on: country-based assessments of the evolution of the national defence policies of Europe's major, medium, and lesser powers since the end of the cold war; the alliances and security partnerships developed by European states to cooperate in the provision of national security; the security challenges faced by European states and their armed forces, ranging from interstate through intra-state and transnational; the national security strategies and doctrines developed in response to these challenges; the military capabilities, and the underlying defence and technological industrial base, brought to bear to support national strategies and doctrines; and, finally, the national or multilateral military operations by European armed forces. The contributions to The Handbook collectively demonstrate the fruitfulness of giving analytical precedence back to the comparative study of national defence policies and armed forces across Europe.

in The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces Sous la direction de MEIJER Hugo, MEIJER Hugo, WYSS Marco Publié en 2018-07
WYSS Marco
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The introduction, which sets the stage for The Handbook, contends that, when it comes to European security and defence, analytical precedence should be given back to Europe’s national defence policies and armed forces. Therefore, it first addresses the different historical stages in the rise and decline of the CSDP and the transformation of national armed forces in Europe since the end of the cold war. Then, it questions the seemingly unjustified predominance of the CSDP vis-à-vis the comparative study of national defence policies in the literature on European defence. With the case made for the ‘analytical resurgence’ of national armed forces in Europe, the third section demonstrates the fruitfulness of such a demarche by summarizing the central findings of The Handbook. What emerges from the rich and diverse range of contributions in this volume is that national armed forces have regained their central importance.

in Science politique Sous la direction de ROUX Christophe, SAVARESE Eric Publié en 2018-07
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Plan du chapitre : Les approches réalistes Le socle commun du réalisme Les variantes du réalisme Les approches libérales Le socle commun du libéralisme Les variantes du libéralisme Les approches constructivistes Les approches transnationalistes Les approches décisionnelles : l’analyse de la politique étrangère Le socle commun des approches décisionnelles Les variantes des approches décisionnelles Conclusion – Théorie, empirie et politique étrangère

Sous la direction de MEIJER Hugo, Centre de recherches internationales Publié en 2015-04
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This book provides a multifaceted analysis of the so-called US 'rebalance' (or 'pivot') toward Asia by focusing on the diplomatic, military, and economic dimensions of the American policy shift in the Asia Pacific region.

in Journal of Strategic Studies Publié en 2018
BÉRAUD-SUDREAU Lucie
HOLTOM Paul, Small Arms Survey)
UTTLEY Matthew
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The rise of China has been fuelled by a massive military modernisation programme relying, in large part, on the acquisition of foreign military equipment. The question of how the world’s major powers define their arms transfer policies towards China is therefore crucially important. This article makes two original contributions. First, drawing on neoclassical realism, it proposes an explanatory framework integrating international and domestic factors to explain variations in major powers’ arms transfers. Second, based on a large body of elite interviews and diplomatic cables, it offers the first comprehensive comparison of American, British, French and Russian arms transfer policies towards China since the end of the Cold War.

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The Sociology of the State through the Prism of International Relations. The Case of American Strategic Trade Control Policy By integrating concepts and methods from the fields of international relations and the sociology of public action, this article aims at contributing to the study of the state’s transformations by mobilizing an international relations approach to the sociology of the state. The relationship between the domestic and international dimensions of the capacity of the state remains a blind spot in the literature. Based upon a wide range of primary sources (including 170 interviews), this study shows the evolution in the post-Cold War era of the US “state capacity” in an issue area as regalian as export controls on strategic goods under the impact of both domestic and international pressures. Through the prism of international relations, it is possible to contribute to the analysis of the state by providing a new pers-pective on the classical dichotomy strong state/weak state and on the concept of “state capacity”.

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