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  • OLIVIER Mathieu (5)
  • LE CORGNE Simon (3)
  • NAM Malick (2)
  • BRUNEL Valentin (1)
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Type de Document
  • Communication non publiée (9)
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Publié en 2019-07 Nom de la conférence ESRA - European Survey Reasearch Association
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The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven cross-national survey conducted every two years across Europe, to which France has participated since the first round in 2002. The ESS measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of various populations in more than thirty countries. One of its main goals aims to provide analysis elements on how Europe’s social, political and moral fabric is changing. In the ESS, data are collected via face-to-face interviews. In France, the fieldwork of the 7th round led to a survey replication on the panel ELIPSS (Longitudinal Internet Studies for Social Sciences). Every month the panel members answer a 30 minutes self-administered questionnaire developed by researchers and selected by a scientific and technical committee. In order to answer the surveys, they are provided with a touch-screen tablet and a 3G Internet subscription. In the ELIPSS panel, members are randomly selected by the French census bureau (INSEE). Traditionally, this is also the same for the ESS, but it was different for the 7th round. This time, the fieldwork institute in charge of data collection has proposed its own sampling methodology. One can find significant differences in methodologies between these two surveys, from the sampling procedure to the data collection collect method and analysis tools. In 2017, we focused on the results comparison between the two devices; this year, we intend to focus on the different ways to set up a survey. In particular, we want to aim at the importance of the gender within the interviewer-respondent relationship. The replication of a face-to-face survey into an auto-administered panel makes it possible to study the effects resulting from being surveyed by a person of the same or the opposite gender. Consequently, it asks the question : to what extent auto-administered surveys could provide an access to objective measurement ?

Publié en 2019-05 Nom de la conférence Workshop Psychological Determinants of food consumption
PORTELLI Jean-Baptiste
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Publié en 2017-09 Nom de la conférence 7th Conference of the European Survey Research Association
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ELIPSS is an online survey instrument for the scientific community; it allows researchers to innovate both in terms of content and of method. Among the recent surveys, the “Mobilities and spatial experiences over the life course (Mobilities)” one proposes a new way for outlining national and international mobility behaviors. To achieve its ambitious goals, ELIPSS devised an original design strategy based on the use of maps. In the present paper we will present the rationale for the survey design and critically address its results. The Mobilities project proposes a new theoretical construct, the ‘space-set’, to better account for behavioral and attitudinal differences in an age of increased spatial mobility. Space-sets designate the entanglement of geographical places where individuals spend or have spent their social life. They are composed by people’s objective and subjective memories and experiences stemming from past and present practices of spatial mobility. A space-set can also be conceived as a network qualified by its structural features: size, range and focus. To operationalize the space-set concept, a survey has been conceived and administered to the probability-based ELIPSS panel. For its pilot phase, the panel sample was composed of 1,000 individuals representative of the French population aged 18-75. The panel members have been equipped with a 7’ tablet and with a 3G subscription to answer a monthly questionnaire. To make space-sets emerge, part of the survey consisted in asking the panelists to identify the places they visited and thus constitute an exhaustive networked catalogue. Some major limitations and constraints due to the ELIPSS panel specificities played a major role in designing the interface. Besides the 30 minutes maximal duration of the survey and the heterogeneity in digital proficiency of the panelists, a main constraint was their geographical knowledge. To overcome these limitations, we leveraged on the visual appeal of a map: the interface invited the users to select the French national departments (for nation-wide space-sets) and the countries (for world-wide space-sets) visited. By adopting this strategy we tried to mitigate the memory efforts demanded to the user, leaving open to him/her the way to elicit the places he/she visited during his/her life. The respondent could select directly on a map the visited places and was asked to characterize them afterwards. This response format has the advantage of bringing playfulness in the survey settings, creating a more robust engagement of respondents. To fully address the efficiency of our map based enquiry method, we will present and discuss, in the last part of the paper, the navigation and behavioral data we collected. For example, we extensively followed the user journey in managing the interface: from the use of features like the search engine for retrieving a specific country to the collection of trials and errors. Furthermore, a qualitative analysis of users’ comments has been carried out. The discussion we are proposing can be valuable for future research projects and interface implementations of innovative quantitative survey.

Publié en 2017-09 Nom de la conférence 7th Conference of the European Survey Research Association
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The European Social Survey (ESS) is an academically driven cross-national survey conducted every two years across Europe, in which France has participated since the first round in 2002. The ESS measures the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of various populations in more than thirty countries. One of its main goals aims to track stability and changes in the social structure of European societies and to provide analysis elements on how Europe’s social, political and moral fabric is changing. In the ESS, data are collected via face-to-face interviews. In France, the fieldwork of the 7th round led to a survey replication on the pilot of the Elipss panel (Longitudinal Internet Studies for Social Sciences). Elipss is a probability based online panel that is representative of the French population aged 18-75. Panel members are randomly selected by The French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) and equipped with a touch-screen tablet and a 3G Internet subscription. Every month they are asked to answer a 30 minutes self-administered questionnaire proposed by researchers and selected by a scientific and technical committee. The Center of Socio-Political Data of Sciences Po coordinates the ESS fieldwork for France and conducts the Elipss panel. Consecutively we developed an expertise on the methodology and the process of each mode. The face-to-face fieldwork was carried out from November 2014 to February 2015. To replicate it on the Elipss panel, we used a slot between December 2014 and January 2015. The administration of the first part of the ESS core questionnaire on the Elipss panel gave an opportunity to wonder how the different strategies for collecting data may impact the response behaviour. Knowing that differences are already emerging in the specificities of these two protocols, the questionnaire needed some adjustments that we must consider in such a comparison. Indeed, for its replication in a self-administered mode on a mobile device we had to adapt the design of some questions, and it could have impacted the answer situation. The difference in the structure of the sample should be taken into account to explain the observed differences. The length of the questionnaire, the format of the answer categories, the presence or absence of an interviewer, the survey experience of Elipss panel members could also account for differences in response behaviour. Focusing on type and design of questions, we will pay special attention to the social desirability effect often pointed out in face-to-face surveys. This paper will highlight the specificities of the two survey designs (face-to-face vs self-administered online questionnaire) in order to discuss the scope of such a comparison. Finally, we will compare the answers according to whether the data is collected by interviewers or self-administered on mobile device.

Publié en 2016-12 Nom de la conférence colloque des 10 ans du CDSP : « Des données et des services pour les sciences sociales »
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Depuis 2002, la France participe à l’European Social Survey (ESS), destinée à mesurer les comportements et les attitudes des citoyens de plusieurs pays européens sur un ensemble de thèmes socio-politiques. La réalisation du terrain français de la 7e édition de l’ESS entre novembre 2013 et mars 2014 a donné lieu à une administration parallèle d’une partie du questionnaire au panel ELIPSS. C’est l’occasion de s’interroger sur les effets des modes d’administration dans la réponse à ces deux enquêtes. L’objectif de cette communication est de mettre en lumière les spécificités de l’étude selon qu’elle ait eu lieu en face-à-face ou via l’Internet mobile mais également d’apporter des éléments de comparaison sur les réponses recueillies par chaque dispositif.

Publié en 2016-12 Nom de la conférence Colloque des 10 ans du CDSP : « Des données et des services pour les sciences sociales »
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Le projet Mobilités vise à tester un nouveau concept – appelé « space-set » – afin d’enrichir l’outillage sociologique permettant de comprendre et d’expliquer les différences de comportements et d’attitudes en prenant en compte l’augmentation contemporaine de la mobilité, ainsi que la dimension spatiale des expériences et des trajectoires individuelles. La notion de space-sets désigne les contextes spatiaux - présents et passés - des individus « qui constituent le cadre de l’existence mais ne sont pas accessibles en permanence en raison des contraintes du déplacement géographique » ; mesurés à partir des carrières spatiales aussi bien objectives que subjectives des individus, ils représentent autant de socialisations particulières, jusqu’à ce jour peu prises en compte par la sociologie. Confrontés aux indicateurs sociologiques classiques, le potentiel explicatif de ce concept est mis à l’épreuve dans l’enquête «Mobilités et rapport à l’espace dans le cycle de vie » administrée fin 2015-début 2016 auprès de deux panels internet : le panel ELIPSS pour la France et le panel Doxa pour l’Italie. La présente communication a pour objectif de présenter la démarche d'enquête et ses premiers résultats quant à l’adoption du concept de space-set.

Publié en 2016-07 Nom de la conférence INSEE - groupe de travail Amont des enquêtes multimode
COUSTEAUX Anne-Sophie
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Publié en 2015-07 Nom de la conférence 6th Conference of the European Survey Research Association
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The probability based web panel Elipss ensures that all respondents answer identically designed questions by equipping the entire panel with the same touch-screen tablet. However two specific challenges have to be overcome: to deal with the heterogeneity in digital proficiency of a general public and to meet the expectations of researchers in this digital mobile environment. In this paper we will present and critically discuss the choices made during pilot study of Elipss to conceive and produce an appropriate design for questionnaires.