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  • MAYER Nonna (31)
  • MICHELAT Guy (30)
  • TIBERJ Vincent (29)
  • COUSIN Bruno (19)
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  • Article (88)
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in D'une ville à l'autre Sous la direction de AUTHIER Jean-Yves, BAGGIONI Vincent, COUSIN Bruno, FIJALKOW Yankel, LAUNAY Lydie Publié en 2019-03
TOSI Simone
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En Italie, les Studi di comunità ont marqué la période de la renaissance des études sociologiques entre la fin des années 1950 et le début des années 1960. Cet intérêt a été influencé par la tradition américaine. Mais si les community studies américains ont souvent été dépeints dans les manuels comme une tradition éminemment monographique, par opposition à l’approche de la urban political economy, considérée comme étant de type comparatif, la tradition italienne des Studi di comunità avait quant à elle une réflexion et une aspiration comparatiste. Cette dimension comparatiste importante a contribué à faire des Studi di comunità un instrument privilégié d’analyse du changement social et des effets de la « modernisation ». Par la suite, ils s’imposèrent comme une méthode de référence pour le développement de programmes de recherche sur les différences territoriales en Italie, aussi bien en sociologie économique qu’en sociologie politique.

Publié en 2010-07
COUSIN Bruno
RC5 (Racism, Nationalism and Ethnic Relations) program
VITALE Tommaso
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in Global Islamophobia: Muslims and Moral Panic in the West Sous la direction de MORGAN George, POYNTING Scott Publié en 2012-05
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During the 2000s, the intellectual field played a determinant role in the development of islamophobia in Italy. Beyond the public declarations of numerous right-wing political leaders opposed to multiculturalism regularly proclaiming the moral inferiority of Islam, and a level of popular and institutional hostility towards Muslims that constitutes a record for Western Europe (EUAFR 2009), we find in Italy the mobilization of cultural producers behind an intellectual Islamophobia (...).

in Mouvements Publié en 2002
COUSIN Bruno
VITALE Tommaso
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Le champ intellectuel français a jusqu’ici été peu concerné par la controverse provoquée en Italie, après les attentats du 11 septembre, par la publication de La rage et l’orgueil, véritable manifeste anti-islamique présentant des thèses violemment xénophobes. Après sa parution en français et hélas le succès de librairie qui s’annonce, il convient de revenir sur le contenu du livre qui, avec plus d’un million d’exemplaires vendus, caracole toujours en tête du classement des best-sellers de la Péninsule [Premier paragraphe]

in Mouvements Publié en 2007-11
VITALE Tommaso
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Différents par leurs parcours et par les contextes nationaux dans lesquels ils évoluent, le nouveau président français et l’ancien président italien ont pourtant en commun des stratégies de légitimation similaires, passant par un usage protéiforme des médias et des liens privilégiés avec le capital économique. Pendant que l’un règne sur les étés de la Côte d’Émeraude, l’autre séjourne aux frais d’amis prévenants dans l’une des villégiatures les plus exclusives de Nouvelle-Angleterre. C’est le spectre de la ploutocratie qui ressurgit, sans que la gauche française ne sache véritablement si elle doit et comment donner de la voix.

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Nel settembre del 2006 moriva Oriana Fallaci e sulla stampa italiana fiorivano omaggi e ricordi da parte dei suoi colleghi giornalisti. Quel momento di riflessività del giornalismo italiano consente di ricostruire, frammento per frammento, il contesto editoriale che ha reso possibile, all’indomani dell’11 settembre, la pubblicazione de La rabbia e l’orgoglio e degli altri pamphlet razzisti dell’ultima Fallaci (...).

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Assistiamo nell’ultimo decennio ad un interessante sviluppo di ricerche intorno alla dimensione spaziale della distribuzione e del consumo di sostanze stupefacenti. La letteratura negli Stati Uniti ed in Europa inizia ad essere abbondante e di alta qualità. Esemplificheremo qui la portata del dibattito in corso con riferimento a due dei testi maggiori e, pur non addentrandoci in alcuna comparazione sistematica fra le due ricerche2, tenteremo di sviluppare una riflessione sulla loro portata euristica, per indicare alcune delle poste in gioco sottese a questo campo di studi (...).

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The increasing environmental concerns at the world scale have pointed out to the unsustainability of present development and growth models as well as its unforeseen consequences such as the chaotic sprawl in space, the fragmentation of territorial units, or the issue of human security. Nowhere else than in the emergent world cities’ does the imperative of reconciling national development, metropolitan expansion and sustainable production models appear more vividly. Here impressive population increases will be absorbed by cities that are and will undisputedly remain the main driver for economic growth. Addressing the issue of sustainable metropolitan development in its most visible form (emissions, access to important utilities like water or electricity, or urban sprawl) is a vital necessity for a substantial share of cities in the South. Yet several hurdles impair the achievement of a holistic model of green growth. The capacity of public, corporate and social actors to come about consensual development models designs that address these urgent demands pose the problem in terms of expertise buildup and leadership –the steering of development- as well as in financial terms –how to arbitrate between mitigation costs and competitiveness. Metropolitan development therefore has to include indicators of sustainability dependent on a consistent –and readable –model of green growth. Also, specific decision-making formats that remain vertical for the most part reveal entrenched interests between the State and powerful non-State actors that more often than not become crucial veto players when it comes to a revision of preexistent operational models. The integration of Asian metropolis to regional value-chains and their impact on national development plans (in the form of Special Economic Zones, high-added value technological corridors) reveal the weight of transnational capital as a decisive factor for change. As a direct consequence, transformations become erratic and the temporality of reform appears to lag behind ever growing necessities. Our project aims at studying systems of action that contribute to the emergence of green strategies in rapidly developing metropolis in Southeast Asia, namely Bangkok (Thailand), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), Jakarta (Indonesia) and Manila (Philippines). These cities are confronted to the simultaneous necessity to (i) adapt manufacturing infrastructural development to sustainability principles (transports, energy accessibility), (ii) improve social standards through spatial redistribution (segregation, more efficient layout of manufacturing and residential areas) and (iii) ensure the economic competitiveness at both the national and international level (first-class services, state of the art regulatory frameworks for investors, and reinforcement of strategic economic sectors). Our research also wishes to explore the leverage capacity of these cities to promote green growth models autonomous enough as to reflect the operational concerns of metropolitan entities as well as to take into account national developmental constraints and orientations. Furthermore, and irrespective of this double constraint of green growth strategies, our research wishes to explore to what extent existing programs are able to interrelate these metropolitan concerns and solutions to neighboring territories –within or outside metropolitan regions- and other cities at a national and regional scale. The selected approach to the subject combines a technical economic study (economic growth, financial flows, manufacturing transformations and innovations) and a socio-political study of systems of action and actor’s interactions. The proposed methodology combines several in-depth case studies and a systematization ambition that would lead to the development of a model of sustainable metropolitan development in emerging countries. The project stands out in its ambition to combine the study of both productive models transformations and their socio-political dimensions, two elements that are usually addressed from a separate perspective. The adjustment of urban and environmental policies to these major challenges presupposes a precise understanding of interdependencies between developmental, urban and financial choices and the transformation of metropolis growth models.

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