Coauthor
  • D'ALBIS Hippolyte (2)
  • BARONE Carlo (1)
  • EL MEKKAOUI Najat (1)
  • CHOJNICKI Xavier (1)
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  • Article (4)
  • Report (1)
in Journal of Population Economics Publication date 2021-04
THANG DAO Nguyen
DÁVILA Julio
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This paper explores, theoretically and empirically, the role of the declining gender gap in education in the demographic transition and the emergence of modern economic growth. Specifically, the paper develops a model in the tradition of the unified growth theory that captures and interconnects the key empirical features of the demographic transition, the decline in gender gap in education, and the transition to sustained growth across less-developed economies. The mechanism on which the model relies comprises several interplaying components. First, technological progress reduces housework time through the creation and diffusion of labor-saving home appliances, which frees women’s time for childrearing, resulting in an initial increase in fertility, as well as in labor-force participation. Second, due to the possibly higher female labor-force participation as housework time decreases, households invest relatively more in their daughters’ education, given its higher return following the initial imbalance. This improves gender equality in education and increases the opportunity cost of childrearing, which leads to a subsequent decrease in fertility. Third and finally, the decrease in the education gender gap through higher investment in daughters’ education increases average human capital, thus accelerating technological progress in turn. This reinforcing loop results in the transition to a new fertility regime and accelerated economic growth. We provide the empirical confirmation of the model’s predictions using data from developing countries in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

in Vienna Yearbook of Population research Publication date 2021-03
CLARK Andrew E
D'ALBIS Hippolyte
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In this study, we ask whether the U-shaped relationship between life satisfactionand age is flatter for individuals who are partnered. An analysis of cross-sectionalEU-SILC data indicates that the decline in life satisfaction from the teens to thefifties is almost four times larger for non-partnered than for partnered individuals,whose life satisfaction essentially follows a slight downward trajectory with age.However, the same analysis applied to three panel datasets (BHPS, SOEP andHILDA) reveals a U-shape for both groups, albeit somewhat flatter for the partneredthan for the non-partnered individuals. We suggest that the difference between thecross-sectional and the panel results reflects compositional effects: i.e., there isa significant shift of the relatively dissatisfied out of marriage in mid-life. Thesecompositional effects tend to flatten the U-shape in age for the partnered individualsin the cross-sectional data.

269
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Le présent rapport se fixe un objectif pour le moins ambitieux. Il s’agit de donner un aperçu de ce que nous savons en tant que scientifiques au sujet des dimensions développementales qui, dans la petite enfance, sont particulièrement prédictrices de l’accomplissement académique et du bien-être futur, de l’effet des modes d’accueil formels sur le développement et des barrières à leur accès, ainsi que des interventions qui peuvent être faites auprès des parents pour accompagner leur développement, avec toujours une attention particulière aux impacts sur les inégalités de destin.

in Population Publication date 2019-05
DASRÉ Aurélien
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Les enquêtes européennes sur les revenus et les conditions de vie (EU-SILC) sont une source de données particulièrement utile pour mesurer la fécondité selon des caractéristiques sociodémographiques. Néanmoins, ces enquêtes comportent des biais qui obligent à procéder à un ajustement de la fécondité observée. Angela Greulich et Aurélien Dasré analysent précisément ces biais en comparant dans plusieurs pays le nombre d’enfants déjà nés selon l’âge de la mère avec les estimations non biaisées issues de la Human Fertility Database. Ils explorent les limites de ces enquêtes pour chaque rang de naissance et mesurent plus spécifiquement dans le cas de la France l’ampleur de ce biais en fonction de caractéristiques démographiques et socioéconomiques des mères.

in Population and Development Review Publication date 2019-03
D'ALBIS Hippolyte
BONNET Carole
CHOJNICKI Xavier
EL MEKKAOUI Najat
HUBERT Jérôme
NAVAUX Julien
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In this article, we have applied the NTA method to France to gain an understanding of economic flows between generations. Our particular interest lies in the question how far the State and individuals share the responsibility for financing the consumption of different generations. The NTA method is based on an accounting equation whereby private and public resources and consumption are set equal. An individual's resources, income from labor and capital plus public and private transfer inflows must be equal to the use made of them, whether for consuming, saving, or making public and private transfers. Consumption and production levels are then calculated for each age, both individually and in aggregate. Transfers between ages reallocate the wealth produced during the active ages so that individuals can consume at various times in their lives. There are ages when they consume but do not produce—childhood and retirement—and other ages when they produce significantly more than they consume: adulthood.