Co-auteur
  • THOMAS Gaetan (2)
  • TEXIER Gaetan (1)
  • PÉPIN Jacques (1)
  • CAUCHEMEZ Simon (1)
  • Voir plus
Type de Document
  • Partie ou chapitre de livre (6)
  • Article (2)
  • HDR - Habilitation à diriger des recherches (1)
  • Contribution à un site web (1)
in Bulletin of the History of Medicine Publié en 2021-03
73
vues

0
téléchargements
This article draws on Charles Rosenberg’s classic essay “What Is an Epidemic?” (1989) to reflect on the complex narrative structures and temporalities of epidemics as they are experienced and storied. We begin with an analysis of Rosenberg’s use of Albert Camus’s The Plague and a discussion of how epidemics have been modeled in literature and in epidemiology concomitantly. Then, we argue that Charles Rosenberg’s characterization of epidemics as events bounded in time that display narrative and epidemiological purity fails to account for the reinvention of life within health crises. Adopting the ecological, archaeological, and anthropological perspectives developed within African studies enriches the range of available plots, roles, and temporal sequences and ultimately transforms our way of depicting epidemics. Instead of events oriented toward their own closure, epidemics might be approached as unsettling, seemingly endless periods during which life has to be recomposed.

in Comment faire? Sous la direction de BONNEUIL Christophe Publié en 2020-09
646
vues

0
téléchargements
La pandémie a suscité un grand nombre de comparaisonsavec des épidémies historiques comme la peste noireou la grippe espagnole. Mais que faire de ces prétendues« leçons du passé » quand elles ne cherchent qu’à fairerentrer l’événement dans des cadres préconstruits hérités de récits répétitifs ?

in History Workshop Publié en 2020-03
42
vues

0
téléchargements
This piece is part of HWO’s feature on ‘Apocalypse Then and Now’. The feature brings together radical reflections and historic perspectives on catastrophe and calamity. How have crises (both real and imagined), and responses to them, shaped our world? [First paragraph]

in Gut Publié en 2020-01
BESOMBES Camille
NJOUOM Richard
PAIREAU Juliette
TEXIER Gaetan
TEDJOKEM Mathurin
CAUCHEMEZ Simon
PÉPIN Jacques
FONTANET Arnaud
35
vues

0
téléchargements
Objective To investigate the distribution and risk factors of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection in Cameroon. Design We tested for hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HDV antibody 14 150 samples collected during a survey whose participants were representative of the Cameroonian adult population. The samples had already been tested for hepatitis C virus and HIV antibodies. Results Overall, 1621/14 150 (weighted prevalence=11.9%) participants were HBsAg positive, among whom 224/1621 (10.6%) were anti-HDV positive. In 2011, the estimated numbers of HBsAg positive and HDV seropositives were 1 160 799 and 122 910 in the 15–49 years age group, respectively. There were substantial regional variations in prevalence of chronic HBV infection, but even more so for HDV (from 1% to 54%). In multivariable analysis, HDV seropositivity was independently associated with living with an HDV-seropositive person (OR=8.80; 95% CI: 3.23 to 24.0), being HIV infected (OR=2.82; 95% CI: 1.32 to 6.02) and living in the South (latitude <4°N) while having rural/outdoor work (OR=15.2; 95% CI: 8.35 to 27.6, when compared with living on latitude ≥4°N and not having rural/outdoor work). Conclusion We found evidence for effective intra-household transmission of HDV in Cameroon. We also identified large differences in prevalence between regions, with cases concentrated in forested areas close to the Equator, as described in other tropical areas. The reasons underlying these geographical variations in HDV prevalence deserve further investigation.

in Les humanités médicales Sous la direction de LEFÈVE Céline, THOREAU François, ZIMMER Alexis Publié en 2020
102
vues

0
téléchargements

in Le magasin du monde Publié en 2020
40
vues

0
téléchargements

in Romain Bertrand et Patrick Boucheron (dir). Faire musée d'une histoire commune Publié en 2019-11
75
vues

0
téléchargements

in Faire musée d'une histoire commune Publié en 2019-11
33
vues

0
téléchargements

in Faire musée d'une histoire commune Publié en 2019-11
43
vues

0
téléchargements

Suivant