Coauthor
  • SIIM Birte (3)
  • FOSSUM John Erik (3)
  • SCHADER Miriam (1)
  • LAMINE Anne-Sophie (1)
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  • Article (13)
  • Part or chapter of a book (11)
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in Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada Sous la direction de KASTORYANO Riva, FOSSUM John Erik, KASTORYANO Riva, SIIM Birte Publication date 2018-04
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Politics of immigration and integration have always been analysed in relation to receiving states: control of borders, politics of entry, rules of participation and laws on citizenship. Settlement turns migrants into minorities who express their claims before the states in which they reside for equal citizenship, for recognition and for political representation. At the same time, the increasing importance of solidarity beyond national borders on the grounds of one or several identities—national, religious, ethnic, regional—and interests removes claims, mobilisations and participation from a national to a transnational level. The process re-defines solidarity beyond borders and involves a multilevel interaction between home and host countries and the transnational community spread throughout several countries, which, together, create a transnational space for action. (First paragraph)

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Theoretical and normative approaches regarding the question of diversity and integration, such as multiucluturalims and interculturalims compete in an attempt to redefine citizenship and nationhood. Most analyses have been single-theory-oriented, leading to multiple, contested and controversial interpretations of integration and democratic public spaces. Transnationalism raises the question of the limits of national public space and extends the concept of cultural integration beyond borders challenging the normative theories of multiculturalism and interculturalism bounded to national societies. Whatever the ideology and objective in the understanding of integration, states are confronted today with the transnational actions of activists who try to bypass states in order to reach a global perspective of their identification and action. Solidarity beyond borders involves a multilevel interaction between home and host countries and leads the states to develop strategies of integration – territorial and non-territorial – as a way of including identity issues developed in a minority situation into their political strategy to “re-territorialize” them. The objective then is to counter non-territorial solidarity expressed in global religious terms, mostly virtual, diffused by the Internet, which attracts the young generation, urging them to reject any or all national identification, to develop a new pride, a sense of community based on a global identification.

in Les codes de la différence : race, origine, religion : France, Allemagne, Etats-Unis Sous la direction de KASTORYANO Riva, KASTORYANO Riva Publication date 2005
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Publication date 2015-06
LAMINE Anne-Sophie
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Comment faire cohabiter société, religion et État au XXIe siècle ? En comparant plusieurs pays, notamment la France et l'Allemagne, Anne-Sophie Lamine et Riva Kastoryano débattent des rapports qu'entretiennent les groupes religieux avec l’État et la société civile, et des meilleurs moyens d'instituer une laïcité apaisée.

Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork--including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants--to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to the United States, she delineates the role of states in constructing group identities and measures the impact of immigrant organization and mobilization on national identity. Kastoryano argues that states contribute directly and indirectly to the elaboration of immigrants' identity, in part by articulating the grounds on which their groups are granted legitimacy. Conversely, immigrant organizations demanding recognition often redefine national identity by reinforcing or modifying traditional sentiments. They use culture--national references in Germany and religion in France--to negotiate new political identities in ways that alter state composition and lead the state to negotiate its identity as well. Despite their different histories, Kastoryano finds that Germany, France, and the United States are converging in their policies toward immigration control and integration. All three have adopted similar tactics and made similar institutional adjustments in their efforts to reconcile differences while tending national integrity. The author builds her observations into a model of ''negotiations of identities'' useful to a broad cross-section of social scientists and policy specialists. She extends her analysis to consider how the European Union and transnational networks affect identities still negotiated at the national level. The result is a forward-thinking book that illuminates immigration from a new angle.

What should states do with the bodies of suicide bombers and other jihadists who die while perpetrating terrorist attacks? This original and unsettling book explores the host of ethical and political questions raised by this dilemma, from (non-)legitimisation of the ‘enemy’ and their cause to the non-territorial identity of individuals who identified in life with a global community of believers. Because states do not recognise suicide bombers as enemy combatants, governments must decide individually what to do with their remains. Riva Kastoryano offers a window onto this challenging predicament through the responses of the American, Spanish, British and French governments after the Al-Qaeda suicide attacks in New York, Madrid and London, and Islamic State’s attacks on Paris in 2015. Interviewing officials, religious and local leaders and jihadists’ families, both in their countries of origin and in the target nations, she has traced the terrorists’ travel history, discovering unexpected connections between their itineraries and the handling of their burials. This fascinating book reveals how states’ approaches to a seemingly practical issue are closely shaped by territory, culture, globalisation and identity.

in Vingtième siècle - Revue d'histoire Publication date 2001
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L'Allemagne vient de rompre en 1999 avec le droit du sang qu'elle reconnaissait depuis 1913 et même avec sa conception de la nation qui remontait à Herder et Fichte. Cet événement considérable, pour elle comme pour l'Europe, est mis ici en perspective historique. Ce rappel dévoile une Allemagne pays d'immigration, une société multiculturelle où la participation tente de déboucher sur une citoyenneté, une nation et un État où les nouveaux citoyens bousculent les héritages et les représentations et où la double nationalité n'est pas une panacée. C'est bien la force de l'immigration, et d'abord turque, qui tout au long a contraint ce pays à négocier différemment sa propre identité et à rechercher un au-delà de la démocratie constitué en 1949.

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This book looks at the role of multiculturalism in the complex construction of the European Union, acknowledging the tension of creating a new political space for identities that are simultaneously national, regional, linguistic, and religious, and yet strive to encompass a political and geographic whole. The author investigates the difficulty of conjugating the complex, pluralistic sense of belonging that individuals and groups in the EU experience in efforts to form a cohesive political identity, and one that is expressly European.

Sous la direction de KASTORYANO Riva Publication date 2005
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La deuxième édition revue et augmentée de cet ouvrage s’interroge à nouveau sur l’identité de l’Europe tandis que l’Union européenne connaît des bouleversements sans précédent : élargissement à l’Est mais aussi au Sud, interrogations et débats concernant la place de la Turquie dans ce nouvel ensemble, élaboration et processus d’adoption d’une Constitution. Ces évolutions mettent en évidence la difficulté accrue de combiner l’un et le pluriel, les particularités nationales et la recherche d’une unité européenne. Les auteurs des contributions rassemblées dans ce livre - anthropologues, sociologues, juristes, politologues, philosophes – cherchent à déterminer dans quelle mesure le multiculturalisme peut et doit constituer une réponse pertinente à la construction de l’Europe. (Résumé de l'éditeur)

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L'islam en Turquie est devenu source de polémique divisant la nation entre « laïques et musulmans » : ce clivage est à la une des journaux depuis 1997. Depuis lors, l'islam politique est déclaré explicitement l'ennemi intérieur de l'Etat turc. Symbolisé par le foulard, il devient outil de résistance vis-à-vis de l'Etat, et de liberté identitaire indiscutable, il porte ombrage à la force mobilisatrice de l'identité officielle, remettant ainsi en cause sa place indéfinie dans la « conscience nationale » et dans les institutions de l'Etat. Ainsi, la lutte officielle contre l'islam politique qui cherche à mobiliser les passions et les émotions à son encontre ne fait que le renforcer et conduit à toute sorte d'interprétations allant de la foi de la nation à la foi individuelle, d'une culture collective à sa reconnaissance dans la vie politique et, tout en voulant séparer religion et politique, souligne la difficulté de définir une frontière précise entre deux.

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