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  • ROUGIER Bernard (4)
  • DIECKHOFF Alain (4)
  • ZAGHLOUL SHALATA Ahmed (3)
  • FILIU Jean-Pierre (3)
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in Politique étrangère Publication date 2004
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Réforme et violence politique sont désormais au centre des discussions sur l'avenir de l'Arabie Saoudite. Le champ politique et intellectuel saoudien a connu ces dernières années des évolutions importantes : d'un côté, l'émergence d'un puissant mouvement salafiste djihadiste, mêlant idéologues et activistes, qui a revendiqué la responsabilité de la plus grande partie des actes terroristes dans le royaume depuis mai 2003 ; de l'autre, l'émergence d'un important courant réformiste "islamo-libéral", qui est a l'origine de la plupart des pétitions politiques présentées à la famille royale. Jusqu'à présent, la bataille contre les radicaux est un relatif succès et des étapes vers un changement politique, social et religieux ont été franchies. Mais le régime saura-t-il se montrer assez déterminé pour ne pas se reposer sur ses lauriers sécuritaires et poursuivre la voie de la réforme?

The subject-matter is intriguing as Saudi Arabia is perceived as the incarnation of Islam. In fact, it has no constitution since the Quran is regarded as its constitution. Moreover, Islam was instrumental in its state building. But Dr. Lacroix is, after his field work, well-placed to discuss the issue. His talk is based on his Ph.D from Paris, his French book and its English edition that is to be published soon by Harvard University Press.

in Egypt's Revolutions. Politics, Religion, and Social Movements Sous la direction de LACROIX Stéphane Publication date 2015-11
ZAGHLOUL SHALATA Ahmed
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The purpose of this chapter is to explain how revolutionary Salafism, as a social movement favoring street politics over party politics, was able to become a major player in postrevolutionary Egyptian politics. We discuss the charismatic role played by the movement’s de facto leader, Sheikh Hazem Abu Ismail. We also demonstrate how this movement developed a broadly appealing discourse that emphasized the two fashionable values of post-Mubarak Egypt—revolution and sharia. Finally, we show how the movement’s rise was aided by a political context in which established Islamist parties lost considerable credit when they were part of the institutional political game. Although revolutionary Salafism has been the target of ruthless repression, along with the majority of the country’s Islamists, it remains a significant force of mobilization. We conclude with a few general remarks concerning the role of revolutionary Salafis in the protests since July 3, 2013.

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