Type
Article
Titre
Civil Wars and International Trade
Dans
Journal of the European Economic Association
Auteur(s)
MARTIN Philippe - Center for Economic Policy Research (London) (CEPR) (Auteur)
MAYER Thierry - (Auteur)
THOENIG Mathias - Centre Universitaire d'Informatique (Auteur)
Éditeur
GB : MIT Press
Volume
6
Numéro
2-3
Pages
541 - 550 p.
ISSN
15424766
Résumé
EN
This paper analyzes empirically the relationship between civil wars and international trade. We first show that trade destruction due to civil wars is very large and persistent and increases with the severity of the conflict. We then identify two effects that trade can have on the risk of civil conflicts: it may act as a deterrent if trade gains are put at risk during civil wars but it may also act as an insurance if international trade provides a substitute to internal trade during civil wars. We find support for the presence of these two mechanisms and conclude that trade openness may deter the most severe civil wars (those that destroy the largest amount of trade) but may increase the risk of lower scale conflicts.

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