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Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin

 

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Type:   Partie ou chapitre de livre
 
Titre:   Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
 
Auteur(s):   Foucault, Martial (1972-...) - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Auteur)
Rota-Graziosi, Grégoire - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international (Auteur)
Caldeira, Emilie - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international (Auteur)
 
In:   African Successes
 
Date de publication:   2016-10
 
Éditeur:   Chicago  :  University of Chicago Press
 
Pages:   57-102  p.
 
ISBN:   9780226316222
 
Mots-clés:   [fr] Poverty, Benin [en] Decentralization
 
Résumé:   [en] We study the effect of decentralization on the access to some poverty-related public services in Benin. Compiling panel data from local governments' accounts and from surveys on 18,000 Beninese households performed in 2006 and 2007, our study suggests that decentralization has a positive overall effect on access to basic services. However, this effect appears to be nonmonotone following an inverted U-shaped curve. It varies according to local jurisdictions' wealth and to the nature of basic services. Decentralization in Benin contributes positively to the reduction of poverty by improving the average access to poverty-related services. However, the devil is in the details, as decentralization seems to increase inequality among local governments in terms of access. Another result relying on the success of decentralization in Benin is the prioritization of basic services, which differs among local governments according to their wealth. While the poorest jurisdictions neglect primary education, focusing more on access to drinking water, the richest ones get less attention to sewage services, since these are already provided at a sufficiently high level.
 
 

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