Type
Article
Titre
Macro economic trade-offs in the euro area : Chapter 4
Éditeur
Paris : OFCE
Numéro
IAGS 2017
Pages
129 - 171 p.
ISSN
12659576
Mots clés
European Union, Economic Union, Fiscal Union
Résumé
EN
The last year Report of the Five Presidents highlighted the necessity of progress in the EU in four directions: achieving “a genuine Economic Union, (…) a Financial Union, (…) a Fiscal Union, (and) a Political Union”. The associated roadmap for completing the EMU includes a greater focus on employment, a better implementation of the Macroeconomic Imbalance Procedure, a better assessment of fiscal stance and fiscal sustainability, the completion of the Banking Union and the launch of a Capital Markets Union. They thus pointed to a very large set of ambitions which renewed the debate about the consistency of existing 6-pack, 2-pack and Fiscal compact, which were mainly related to fiscal and competitiveness issues. This roadmap raises an important question: is it possible within the given institutional setting to close the unemployment gap (the difference between actual and natural rates of unemployment), that is to say increase the “well-being of the peoples” (Art. 3 TEU) in a sustainable way, achieve public finance sustainability, reduce macro imbalances, and ensure the liquidity and solvency of financial institutions and other objectives at the same moment?
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