Article de presse ou magazine
Five things you need to know about the European migrant crisis
First lines : 1. Are we witnessing an unprecedented “refugee crisis” in Europe? Yes and no. Rather than just reacting to immediate events, it is useful to look at statistics and to refresh our memory of geopolitics and history. West European states have experienced two peaks in demand for asylum since the end of the Cold War: once in the early 1990s and once in the 2000s. In 1992, after the war in what was then Yugoslavia, claims for asylum in Europe reached 700,000, most lodged in Germany. Between 1999 and 2003, asylum claims increased to a 400,000 yearly average, including many Kosovars. France and Britain were the top destinations. In addition to people from the Balkans, many refugees were fleeing Afghanistan and Congo.