Type
Article
Titre
Fiscal consolidation in times of crisis: is the sooner really the better?
Dans
Revue de l'OFCE - Débats et politiques
Éditeur
Paris : OFCE
Numéro
132
Pages
159 - 192 p.
ISSN
12659576
Mots clés
public debt, fiscal multipliers, debt
Résumé
EN
Recent evidence has renewed views on the size of fiscal multipliers. It is notably emphasized that fiscal multipliers are higher in times of crisis. Starting from this literature, we develop a simple and tractable model to deal with the fiscal strategy led by euro area countries. Constrained by fiscal rules and by speculative attacks in financial markets, euro area members have adopted restrictive fiscal policies despite strong negative output gaps. Based on the model, we present simulations to determine the path of public debt given the current expected consolidation. Our simulations suggest that despite strong austerity measures, not all countries would be able to reach the 60% debt-to-GDP. If fiscal multipliers vary along the business cycle, this would give a strong case for delaying austerity. This alternative scenario is considered. Our results show not only that delaying austerity would improve growth perspectives and would not be incompatible with public debt converging to 60% of GDP.

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