Type
Working paper
Title
Measures, drivers and effects of green employment : evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014
Author(s)
VONA Francesco - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Author)
MARIN Giovanni - University of Urbino (Author)
CONSOLI Davide - Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management (Author)
Editor
Paris : OFCE
Collection
Working paper de l'OFCE : 2016-22
Keywords
Green employment, Local labor markets, Environmental regulation, Environmental technologies, Local multipliers
Abstract
EN
This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities ofgreen employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. Weconstruct a new measure of green employment based on the task contentof occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals the following: 1. the share of green employment oscillates between 2 and 3 percent, and its trend isstrongly pro-cyclical; 2. green jobs yield a 4 percent wage premium; 3.despite moderate catching-up across areas, green jobs remain more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and 4. the top greenareas are mostly high-tech. As regards the drivers, changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force compared to the local endowment of green knowledge and resilience in the face of the great recession. To assess the impact of moving to greener activities, we estimate that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.4 in the crisis period) newjobs in non-tradable activities in the local economies.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC QUOTE
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