THÈMES DE RECHERCHE
- THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF RACIAL AND RELIGIOUS CATEGORIES Within the “Global Race” ANR research project, I investigate the evolution of the “race” concept in the French social sciences from 1945 onwards; the contrasted and controversial use of racial and religious categories in national censuses; and the role of international organizations such as the CERD (Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination) in disseminating norms and standards to fight against racial and religious discriminations. THE RACIALIZATION OF RELIGION (ISLAM) I examine the stigmatization experienced by Muslims or people presumed to be Muslim in Europe and North America. Such experiences allow for a comparative analysis of the intersection of race and religion in the construction of Islamophobia. I explore the various strategies and repertoires they develop in response to Islamophobia. I also investigate the discourses of Muslim religious actors on racism and anti-racism and maps out the various fault lines that crisscross Muslim minorities in Europe and North America, including the conflicts over religious authority they can foster and the alliances they can generate. RELIGION I analyze the contrasted ways through which people "talk about religion" in France and the United States, by relying on biographical interviews with converts to Islam in these two countries. I also reflect theoretically on the very category of "religion" and "Islam" in particular (as both a category of analysis and a category of practice).