Type
Book
Title
The Making of the Chinese Middle Class. Small Comfort and Great Expectations
In
The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy
Editor
Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan
Collection
The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy
Pages
281 p.
ISBN
9781137393395
Keywords
China, Middle class, Chinese economy
Abstract
EN
This book analyses the making of the Chinese middle class that started in the 1990s using a constructivist approach. With the development of the Chinese economy, a new group of middle wage earners appeared. Chinese social scientists and state institutions promoted the idea that China needs a middle class to achieve modernization. Middle class members are defined—and define themselves—as good consumers, educated people, politically engaged but reasonable citizens. As such, the making of the middle class is the result of three convergent phenomena: an attempt to define the middle class, a process of civilization, and the development of protest movements. The making of the Chinese middle class, Rocca argues, is a way to end the stalemate that modern Chinese society is facing, in particular the necessity to democratize without introducing an election system. (Publisher's abstract)

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