Type
Working paper
Titre
The Long-Term Effects of the Printing Press in Sub-Saharan Africa
Dans
Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers
Auteur(s)
CAGE Julia - Département d'économie (Auteur)
RUEDA Valeria - Département d'économie (Auteur)
Collection
Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers : 2014-15
Mots clés
Historical persistence, Economic development., Political participation, Newspaper readership, Protestant missions, Printing press
Résumé
EN
This article delves into the relationship between newspaper readership and civic attitudes, and its effect on economic development. To this end, we investigate the long-term consequences of the introduction of the printing press in the 19th century. In sub-Saharan Africa, Protestant missionaries were the first both to import the printing press technology and to allow the indigenous population to use it. We build a new geocoded dataset locating Protestant missions in 1903. This dataset includes, for each mission station, the geographic location and its characteristics, as well as the educational and health-related investments undertaken by the mission. We show that, within regions located close to missions, proximity to a printing press significantly increases newspaper readership today. We also document a strong association between proximity to a printing press and contemporary economic development. Our results are robust to a variety of identification strategies.

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