Type
Article
Title
Failure or Flexibility? : Apprenticeship Training in Premodern Europe
In
Journal of Interdisciplinary History
Author(s)
SCHALK Ruben - Universiteit Utrecht (Author)
WALLIS Patrick - London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) (Author)
CROWSTON Clare - University of Illinois (Author)
LEMERCIER Claire - Centre de sociologie des organisations (Author)
Editor
US : MIT Press
Volume
48
Number
2
Pages
131 - 158 p.
ISSN
00221953
Keywords
apprenticeship, early-modern Europe, flexibility in contracts, apprentissage, histoire moderne, flexibilité contractuelle
Abstract
EN
Pre-industrial apprenticeship is often considered more stable than its nineteenth- and twentieth-century counterparts, apparently because of the more durable relationships between masters and apprentices. Nevertheless, recent studies have suggested that many of those who started apprenticeships did not finish them. New evidence about more than 7,000 contracts across several cities in three countries finds that, for a number of reasons, a substantial minority of youths entering apprenticeship contracts failed to complete them. By allowing premature exits, cities and guilds sustained labor markets by lowering the risks of entering long training contracts. Training flexibility was a pragmatic response to labor-market tensions.

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