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Fiscal policy in the US : Ricardian after all ?



Type:   Working paper
Titre:   Fiscal policy in the US : Ricardian after all ?
Auteur(s):   Aldama, Pierre (PhD) - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Auteur)
Creel, Jérôme (1971-...) - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
Date de publication:   2017-10
Éditeur:   Paris  :  Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques
Collection:   OFCE Working paper  :  23
Mots-clés:   [en] Fiscal rules, Fiscal regimes, Public debt sustainability, Time varyins parameters, Markov switching models, Model based sustainability
JEL:   E6,  H6
Résumé:   [en] Historical data on US debt and primary surplus suggest the existence of different fiscal regimes which imply that, from time to time, US fiscal policy may have violated the government’s intertemporal budget constraint. But does evidence of locally unsustainable regimes eventually jeopardize the global sustainability of US public debt? We apply a Regime-Switching Model-Based Sustainability test which derives sufficient conditions on a regime-switching fiscal policy feeback rule such that fiscal policy can globally be sustainable while allowing for persistent unsustainable regimes. We find significant evidence of a globally Ricardian US fiscal policy, despite periodic and persistent unsustainable fiscal regimes. This conclusion remains valid after controlling for the reverse causality between the primary balance and the output gap.


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