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  • DE TERWANGNE Cécile (1)
  • DEGRAVE Elise (1)
  • DE FRANCQUEN Amélie (1)
  • LAMBRECHT Maxime (1)
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  • Part or chapter of a book (26)
  • Conference contribution (15)
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After four years of fierce debate, the EU directive on copyright in the digital single market was finally adopted in April 2019. The legislative text aims at adapting copyright to the digital world, remedying to some gaps and uncompensated uses of works and other subject matter and enhancing some valuable uses through new or reaffirmed exceptions. Two provisions have been particularly contested. The article 15 creates a new IP right benefitting press publishers in their online news in an attempt to force Google News and similar platforms to remunerate their use. The article 17 requires video sharing platforms, such as YouTube, to get a license for any copyrighted content uploaded by their users or, by default, to filter such content when requested by rights owners. But the directive has much more to offer and pursues an ambitious agenda, beyond its incompleteness, inconsistencies and defaults. More fundamentally, this directive marks the transition of the EU intervention mostly to harmonise existing national rules and to strengthen the rights of its creative sector, towards a genuine regulatory actor that purports to better organise a thriving European market and a fair society for creations, culture and information. It remains to be seen if the measures laid down by the directive are fit for that purpose. This paper analyses all articles of the directive in three parts: (1) the adaptation of exceptions to better satisfy digital needs, including the new exception for text and data mining; (2) the provisions aiming at enhancing an EU-wide access to creative content; and finally, (3) the provisions pursuing a well-functioning marketplace for copyright, that aims at restoring (perceived) failures or unfairness of current balances between the different stakeholders. This last part contains the most contentious provisions of the directive, i.e. the news publishers' right and the new liability regime of video sharing platforms, but also it most promising ones related to a better contractual protection of authors and performers.

in Penser le droit de la pensée Edited by BRUGUIÈRE Jean-Michel, GEIGER Christophe Publication date 2020
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in Jurisprudence de la CJUE 2019 Edited by PICOD Fabrice Publication date 2020
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in Pluralism or universalism in international copyright law Edited by SYNODINOU Tatiana-Eleni Publication date 2019
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The duration of rights in literary and artistic creation, and the key principle of a limited duration, is one of the less contested or discussed principles of international copyright law. The term of copyright is only minimally addressed by international treaties. The Berne Convention imposes a minimum duration of 50 years after the death of the author but leaves the determination of the term to national States. A more complex picture lurks behind the set of apparently simple rules that could be found at the international level (a limited duration, a minimum of 50 years after the death of the author, and the determination of the duration according to the rule of protection) and hides rather well the failure of international copyright legislation to fix a uniform term of protection throughout the world. As a result, the determination of the end of copyright in a specific work and the consistence of public domain that is constituted by expiration of protection is almost impossible to decide with certainty or stability. This paper aims at exposing this complexity and some its conundrums. It starts by describing how the determination of copyright duration in a work is oscillating between the minimum rules laid down by the Berne Convention and the national copyright laws. A second part explores other reasons for even more fragmentation, by looking at some oddities specific to certain national regimes. A third part addresses the variability of the copyright duration resulting from repeated term extensions and transitory provisions.

in La réforme du droit d'auteur dans la société de l'information Edited by BENSAMOUN Alexandra Publication date 2018 Conferance name Colloque international La réforme du droit d'auteur dans la société de l'information (2016 ; Paris-Saclay)
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in Law, norms and freedoms in cyberspace = Droit, normes et libertés dans le cybermonde Edited by DEGRAVE Elise, DE TERWANGNE Cécile, DUSOLLIER Séverine, QUECK Robert Publication date 2018
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in Copyright Reconstructed: Rethinking Copyright’s Economic Rights in a Time of Highly Dynamic Technological and Economic Change Edited by HUGENHOLTZ Bernt Publication date 2018
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Economic rights in copyright have lost their meaning and their efficiency. Reduced to technical notions, the right of reproduction and the right of communication to the public are today applied to uses that seem harmless or ancillary, and fail to ensure the legitimate control by authors of the exploitation of their works. This paper proposes to reconstruct economic rights in copyright around the notion of exploitation, defined as the circulation of works in the public sphere. Firstly, it argues that the notion of exploitation used to be the guiding principle of the rights of reproduction and communication, that were only means to help such exploitation. A second part explores the increasing disconnection between economic rights and actual exploitation. In order to counter such disconnection, I propose replacing the current system by a broad and unique right of exploitation, related to the function of copyright, which is to grant to authors control over the public circulation of their works. Three types of exploitation of works, that each aims at transmitting the work, as a communicative act, to the public sphere, could constitute new anchor points for acts of use to be considered as entering the exclusive reservation of authors: (1) the provision of copies to the public for a permanent use, (2) the provision of access to or experiences of the work, and (3) the making of derivative works. Any use of a work, currently existing or to be developed, that would fall under one of these forms of exploitation could be controlled by the copyright owners or be compensated for. Personal uses, technical copies and mere uses of the informational content of the work should remain free. Copyright should be about giving authors enough protection and autonomy to enable them to make that circulation possible in the first place and to give them some control over the dissemination of their works, while recognizing and encouraging public discussion and enjoyment of creation by the public. The realm of exclusivity copyright confers should be conceived as a set of entitlements to enjoy the value of the work, some reserved to authors, others offered to the public, seen equally as recipients, readers and follow-on creators, as a system distributing the enjoyment of creation and circulating it to enhance its protection.

Edited by DEGRAVE Elise, DE TERWANGNE Cécile, DUSOLLIER Séverine, QUECK Robert Publication date 2018 Collection Collection du CRIDS : 43
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La 4e de couverture indique : "Professeur, chercheur, directeur de centre, doyen et recteur, Yves Poullet s’est illustré dans toutes les étapes et fonctions d’une carrière universitaire bien remplie, marquant des générations d’étudiants, de chercheurs, de collègues et de pairs. Spécialiste éminent et incontournable du droit de l’internet et des technologies de l’information et de la communication, il en est aussi l'un des précurseurs en fondant dès 1979 un des premiers centres de recherche européens en la matière. Par cet ouvrage, collègues, amis, anciens doctorants rendent hommage à l’une des plus belles plumes de la discipline, en lui offrant leurs réflexions sur l’influence réciproque du droit et de la technologie. Leurs contributions démontrent l’étendue de l’expertise et des réseaux européens et internationaux d’Yves Poullet. Elles s’articulent autour de trois axes qui furent autant de perspectives dans lesquelles il a inscrit sa recherche : le droit, les normes et les libertés. La richesse de ce volume témoigne de son attention à l’humain, des amitiés qu’il a nouées, mais aussi des sillons qu’il a tracés en droit des technologies de l’information et de la communication, sillons dans lesquels a poussé une forêt luxuriante, toujours fertile. C’est l’héritage d’un grand penseur, d’un véritable universitaire."

in Dictionnaire des biens communs Edited by CORNU Marie, ORSI Fabienne, ROCHFELD Judith Publication date 2017
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in Journal de droit européen Publication date 2017
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