Type
Article
Title
Meal times and synchronization: A cross-metropolitancomparison between Santiago (Chile) and Paris (France)
Author(s)
FERRANT Coline - Observatoire sociologique du changement (Author)
LHUISSIER Anne - Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS) (Author)
GIACOMAN Claudia - Instituto de Sociología Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Author)
DEVILAT Denisse - Instituto de Sociología Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Author)
LEAL Daniella - Instituto de Sociología Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Author)
AYALA Pamela - Instituto de Sociología Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Author)
TORRES Giselle, Instituto De Sociología Pontificia Universidad Católica De Chile) - Instituto de Sociología Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (Author)
CHAUVIN Pierre - Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (Author)
Editor
US : JAI Press
ISSN
03623319
DOI
0.1016/j.soscij.2019.02.007
Keywords
meal schedules, eating norms, time synchronization, sociology of food, Paris, Santiago (Chile)
Abstract
EN
This paper investigates the temporal dimension of meals. Specifically, it compares meal schedules and their social determinants in two metropolises, Santiago (Chile) and Paris (France). Our empirical material is drawn from two comparable data sources: Encuesta de Comensalidad en Adultos de la Región Metropolitana (Santiago, Chile) and Santé, Inégalités et Ruptures Sociales (Paris, France). Our research highlights cross-metropolitan similarities and disparities between Santiago and Paris regarding meal times and synchronization. Both metropolises share a similar and marked three-meal pattern. Three major peaks distributed throughout the day correspond to breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Both in Santiago and Paris, lunch is more synchronized than dinner, for reasons pertaining to professional and school rhythms. Dinner, however, demonstrates an important coordination effort towards the synchronization of social time within the family. However, this comparison also highlights important disparities between the two metropolises regarding meal schedules, the amplitude of synchronization, and sociodemographic patterns that express a different relationship to food and eating norms: negotiated in Santiago and rigid in Paris. These differences not only refer to nutritional requirements (content, frequency, pace of the meals, place and commensality) but also to familial and educational purposes. They express cultural norms regarding food and eating according to economic organizations and level of development.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC QUOTE
EXPORT