Type
Working paper
Titre
Climate policies and Skill-biased employment dynamics : evidence from EU countries
Dans
OFCE Working Paper
Auteur(s)
MARIN Giovanni - Università degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo (Auteur)
VONA Francesco - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
Éditeur
Paris : OFCE
Collection
OFCE Working Paper : 23
Mots clés
Climate policies, Workforce skills, Cluster analysis, Multiple exposure to structural shocks
Résumé
EN
The political acceptability of climate policies is undermined by job-killing arguments, especially for the least-skilled workers. However, evidence for distributional impacts for different workers remains scant. We examine the associations between climate policies, proxied by energy prices and a stringency index, and workforce skills for 14 European countries and 15 industrial sectors over the period of 1995-2011. We find that, while the long-term decline in employment in most carbon-intensive sectors is unrelated to policy stringency, climate policies have been skill biased against manual workers and have favoured technicians and professionals. This skill bias is confirmed using a shift-share instrumental variable estimator

CITATION BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE
EXPORT