From standards to concerted programs of collective action : The standardization process of cell therapy in France. Pragmatist contribution to the sociology of innovation
TOURNAY Virginie - (Author)
GB : Palgrave Macmillan
220 - 238 p.
collective action, concerted programs, cell therapy, France, sociology of institution, action collective, programmes concertés, thérapie cellulaire, France, sociologie des institutions
The coordination of medical practices and their standardization feature prominently in both the social studies of medicine literature and publications by health care professionals. Despite the persistent interest in this issue, a clear definition of the tools of standardization is the missing link that will enable classification of different types of medical coordination. In response to these problems, the present paper examines the process in France that standardized contemporary non-systematic laboratory manipulations of human cells and their clinical uses. In fact, this standardization process has been underway for the past 25 years and has resulted in a body of heterogeneous medical practices that have been grouped under the generic term ‘cell therapy.’ Two salient transformations in the medical management of human cells have been emphasized. Indeed, this collective work is characterized by a temporal superposition of two kinds of political regulations that have gradually transformed links between human cells and the ‘rest’ of the social network, despite the heterogeneity of the medical material cultures that use human cells. Drawing on a pragmatic approach, the objective of this paper was to highlight the properties of these regulations in terms of the circulation of standards and the identification of what are called the operators of standardization from which regulations are developed.