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The Superiority of Economists



Type:   Article
Titre:   The Superiority of Economists
Auteur(s):   Fourcade, Marion - University of California [Berkeley] (Auteur)
Ollion, Etienne - Université de Strasbourg (Auteur)
Algan, Yann (1974-...) - Département d'économie (Auteur)
In:   Journal of Economic Perspectives
Date de publication:   2015-10
Éditeur:   ÉTATS-UNIS  :  American Economic Association
Volume:   29
Numéro:   1
Pages:   89-113  p.
ISSN:   08953309
DOI:   10.1257/jep.29.1.89
Mots-clés:   [en] Economist, Social science network, Field supremacy
JEL:   A11,  A22,  I23,  J44
Résumé:   [en] In this essay, we analyze the dominant position of economics within the network of the social sciences in the United States. We begin by documenting the relative insularity of economics, using bibliometric data. Next we analyze the tight management of the field from the top down, which gives economics its characteristic hierarchical structure. Economists also distinguish themselves from other social scientists through their much better material situation (many teach in business schools, have external consulting activities), their more individualist worldviews, and their confidence in their discipline's ability to fix the world's problems. Taken together, these traits constitute what we call the superiority of economists, where economists' objective supremacy is intimately linked with their subjective sense of authority and entitlement. While this superiority has certainly fueled economists' practical involvement and their considerable influence over the economy, it has also exposed them more to conflicts of interests, political critique, even derision.


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