Is Eastern Europe Uniformly Anti-Immigrant? Not so fast : Understanding immigration policy positions and policy change in Eastern Europe
Sciences Po LIEPP Policy Brief
P : Laboratory for Interdisciplinary Evaluation of Public Policies
1 - 8 p.
immigration, public policy, Eastern Europe, political parties
As the European Union struggled to address an unprecedented influx of refugees in 2015, four Eastern European governments rejected a proposal for European Union refugee quotas. Within each country, however, there are different views on the migrant crisis and immigration in general that are overshadowed by this uniform policy response. My research on the political divisions in each country explains that these differences are related to how political camps developed after communism. Through an analysis of the causes of immigration salience and the reasons behind immigration and integration policy positions of various parties in Eastern European countries, this research finds that which party – left or right – adopts more socially liberal policy positions depends on its relationships to communist federalism and the most politically notable ethnic group in the country. My work finds three distinct political patterns in Eastern Europe.