Type
Working paper
Titre
Central Bank Tone and the Dispersion of Views within Monetary Policy Committees
Dans
OFCE working paper
Auteur(s)
HUBERT Paul - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
LABONDANCE Fabien - Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques (Auteur)
Éditeur
Paris : OFCE
Collection
OFCE working paper : 02/2020
Mots clés
Optimism, FOMC, Dissent, Interest rate expectations, ECB
Résumé
EN
Does policymakers’ choice of words matter? We explore empirically whether central bank tone conveyed in FOMC statements contains useful information for financial market participants. We quantify central bank tone using computational linguistics and identify exogenous shocks to central bank tone orthogonal to the state of the economy. Using an ARCH model and a high-frequency approach, we find that positive central bank tone increases interest rates at the 1-year maturity. We therefore investigate which potential pieces of information could be revealed by central bank tone. Our tests suggest that it relates to the dispersion of views among FOMC members. This information may be useful to financial markets to understand current and future policy decisions. Finally, we show that central bank tone helps predicting future policy decisions.

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