Partie ou chapitre de livre
No Longer a Pariah? The Front National and the French Party System
Absorbing the Blow. Populist Parties and their Impact on Parties and Party Systems
171 - 196 p.
Front national, Mainstream party response, Party system change, Populism, Marine Le Pen
This chapter examines the impact of the Front National (FN) on parties and the party system in France. We begin by looking at competition for votes across successive stages of the FN’s development since the mid-1980s. We ask to what extent the FN has altered the dimensionality of the French policy space by introducing new cultural issues. We then consider the strategic responses fashioned by mainstream parties. We examine policy convergence, campaign narratives, and the use of institutional engineering as a means to reduce the influence of the FN. Finally, we examine changes in the party system and the dynamics of inter-party competition, focusing on recent strategic shifts under Marine Le Pen and whether the désenclavement of the FN will create opportunities for new coalitions and alignments.