Type
Article
Title
Raising Female Employment : Reflections and Policy Tools
In
Journal of the European Economic Association
Author(s)
GARIBALDI Pietro - Collegio Carlo Alberto (Author)
WASMER Etienne - (Author)
Editor
GB : MIT Press
Volume
2
Number
2-3
Pages
320 - 330 p.
ISSN
15424766
Abstract
EN
While there is consensus on the need to raise the time spent in the market by European women, it is not clear how these goals should be achieved. Tax wedges, assistance in the job search process, and part-time jobs are policy instruments that are widely debated in policy circles. The paper presents a simple model of labor supply with market frictions and heterogenous home production where the effects of these policies can be coherently analyzed. We show that subsidies to labor market entry increase women’s entrance in the labor market, but they also increase exits from the labor market, with ambiguous effect on employment. Subsidies to part-time do increase employment, but they have ambiguous effects on hours and market production. Finally, reductions in taxes on market activities that are highly substitutable with home production have unambiguous positive effects on market employment and production.

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