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  • FOSSUM John Erik (4)
  • SIIM Birte (3)
  • LAMINE Anne-Sophie (1)
  • SCHADER Miriam (1)
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Publié en 2020-11-03 Collection GRITIM-UPF Working Paper : 46 (Winter 2020)
FOSSUM John Erik
MODOOD Tariq
ZAPATA-BARRERO Ricard
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The question of how to reconcile diversity and integration has occupied public debates, political agendas and social sciences for decades. This working paper provides a brief outline of how the project Negotiating Diversity in Expanded European Public Spaces (PLURISPACE) addresses these matters. Our point of departure is that questions pertaining to the governing and recognition of diversity in Europe cannot be properly addressed without at the same time taking into account the multilevel character of European public space, the multiple characters of the groups (national/religion based etc.), and the multiple modes of integration. Within such a complex European space, we identify four policy/theoretical approaches to diversity management and understanding of public space: multiculturalism, interculturalism, transnationalism and cosmopolitanism. Each ‘ism’ has its own conception of public space, diversity, equality and solidarity. Our main aim is to contribute to the normativities that inform the theory and practice of integration and diversity governance in Europe.

in Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Racisms Sous la direction de SOLOMOS John Publié en 2020-03
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Religion, race or ancestors provide alternative elements to national identities and to nationalisms. They constitute, in different contexts, in different times and in different ways elements of inclusion and exclusion drawing real or symbolic boundaries of Otherness. On a national level these boundaries find an institutional echo with the representation of the Other in terms of religious identities, along with a narrative that reflects the difficulties to legitimize its inscription as Otherness into a political and juridical account along with the principles of secularism. In Europe, many studies and analyses have underlined the unprecedented character of Muslim migration to Europe in comparison with other waves of migration questioning the compatibility of Islam with secularism and universal democratic values. At the same time, the emergence of Islam as a transnational political force, as a global religion, redefines new boundaries of Otherness on a global level, forming a form of political community guided by a de-territorialized “imagined geography” that gives rise to a form of transnational nationalism around religion. Home and host countries develop strategies to fight and reject global religions by praising diaspora politics linking religion and nationalism of home countries, and nationalizing religions as a part of inclusive diversity for European countries.

in [Im]matérialités de la mort Sous la direction de ROBIN AZEVEDO Valérie Publié en 2020-02
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Dans son étude sur les tombes des Tamils en diaspora, l'anthropologue Engseng Ho atteste que l'enterrement est un acte "qui combine une place, une personne et un nom" (Ho, 2006). Il explore les échanges culturels et les écrits des Hadhramis du Yémen, descendants du prophète Mahomet, et montre comment ils s'implantent localement et deviennent cosmopolites à chaque étape de leur migration dans les différentes régions, où leur enterrement marque le début de la formation d'une diaspora. Dans la même logique aujourd'hui, avec l'ampleur des migrations, pour des individus en mouvements permanents, les lieux de naissance ou encore les terres d'origine, comme appartenance territoriale, deviennent des références abstraites et lointaines, et les lieux d'enterrement marquent les points de passage ou encore l'installation d'une génération et le début de la formation d'une diaspora...

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Entretien avec Riva Kastoryano autour de l’ouvrage Burying Jihadis. Bodies Between State, Territory, and Identity paru aux éditions Hurst. Propos recueillis par Corinne Deloy.

Publié en 2018-07-01 Collection Comparative Politics and International Studies Series
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What should states do with the bodies of suicide bombers and other jihadists who die while perpetrating terrorist attacks? This original and unsettling book explores the host of ethical and political questions raised by this dilemma, from (non-)legitimisation of the ‘enemy’ and their cause to the non-territorial identity of individuals who identified in life with a global community of believers. Because states do not recognise suicide bombers as enemy combatants, governments must decide individually what to do with their remains. Riva Kastoryano offers a window onto this challenging predicament through the responses of the American, Spanish, British and French governments after the Al-Qaeda suicide attacks in New York, Madrid and London, and Islamic State’s attacks on Paris in 2015. Interviewing officials, religious and local leaders and jihadists’ families, both in their countries of origin and in the target nations, she has traced the terrorists’ travel history, discovering unexpected connections between their itineraries and the handling of their burials. This fascinating book reveals how states’ approaches to a seemingly practical issue are closely shaped by territory, culture, globalisation and identity.

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Theoretical and normative approaches regarding the question of diversity and integration, such as multiucluturalims and interculturalims compete in an attempt to redefine citizenship and nationhood. Most analyses have been single-theory-oriented, leading to multiple, contested and controversial interpretations of integration and democratic public spaces. Transnationalism raises the question of the limits of national public space and extends the concept of cultural integration beyond borders challenging the normative theories of multiculturalism and interculturalism bounded to national societies. Whatever the ideology and objective in the understanding of integration, states are confronted today with the transnational actions of activists who try to bypass states in order to reach a global perspective of their identification and action. Solidarity beyond borders involves a multilevel interaction between home and host countries and leads the states to develop strategies of integration – territorial and non-territorial – as a way of including identity issues developed in a minority situation into their political strategy to “re-territorialize” them. The objective then is to counter non-territorial solidarity expressed in global religious terms, mostly virtual, diffused by the Internet, which attracts the young generation, urging them to reject any or all national identification, to develop a new pride, a sense of community based on a global identification.

in Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada Sous la direction de KASTORYANO Riva, FOSSUM John Erik, KASTORYANO Riva, SIIM Birte Publié en 2018-04
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Politics of immigration and integration have always been analysed in relation to receiving states: control of borders, politics of entry, rules of participation and laws on citizenship. Settlement turns migrants into minorities who express their claims before the states in which they reside for equal citizenship, for recognition and for political representation. At the same time, the increasing importance of solidarity beyond national borders on the grounds of one or several identities—national, religious, ethnic, regional—and interests removes claims, mobilisations and participation from a national to a transnational level. The process re-defines solidarity beyond borders and involves a multilevel interaction between home and host countries and the transnational community spread throughout several countries, which, together, create a transnational space for action. (First paragraph)

in Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada Sous la direction de KASTORYANO Riva, FOSSUM John Erik, KASTORYANO Riva, SIIM Birte Publié en 2018-04
FOSSUM John Erik
SIIM Birte
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Our contemporary societies are increasingly diverse and interconnected. These developments have, on the one hand, brought up questions of how to manage the ensuing diversity and, on the other, of how to retain people’s sense of community and belonging. Increased diversity has spurred a range of schemes bent on multicultural accommodation and “soft” forms of integration. At the same time, in recent years, we have witnessed significant nationalist reactions against globalisation, immigration, cultural diversity and multiculturalist visions and policies. Brexit, the election of Donald Trump as US President and the general rise of right-wing populist parties are part of a new nationalism that propounds an exclusivist— ethnic—nationalism that is deeply committed to reducing immigration and the ensuing cultural diversity...

Sous la direction de FOSSUM John Erik, KASTORYANO Riva, SIIM Birte Publié en 2018-04 Collection Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology
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This edited collection considers how transformations in contemporary societies have raised questions surrounding our sense of community and belonging, alongside our management of increased diversity. Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada includes contributions that consider the rise in regional nationalism and a greater willingness to recognise that many states are multinational. It critically explores the effects of altered patterns of immigration and emigration, including whether they give rise to (or re-invigorate) transnational or border-crossing forms of nationalism. The book also identifies the patterns of national transformation, especially in Europe, which we see coupled with significant nationalist reactions by populists as well as extreme right-wing movements and parties. This multidisciplinary collection of works will be a useful resource forresearchers and students of political sociology in Europe and Canada, particularly within the contexts of immigration, multiculturalism and globalization.

in Diversity and Contestations over Nationalism in Europe and Canada Sous la direction de KASTORYANO Riva, FOSSUM John Erik, KASTORYANO Riva, SIIM Birte Publié en 2018-04
FOSSUM John Erik
SIIM Birte
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The leitmotif of this book has been to explore how nationalism is contested. The overarching concern was to establish whether the main contestations that we find today are occurring within the ambit of nationalism, or whether they are, on balance, instead, contestations about nationalism. In order to examine this, the book has outlined three sets of developments, reflected under the headings of transnationalism, cosmopolitanism, and nationalist resurgence (mainly through right-wing populism). The first two, transnationalism and cosmopolitanism, offered the greatest prospects for a transition away from nationalism. (First lines)

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