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First lines: National parliaments, it turns out, are not the poor losers of EU integration – at least not anymore. A recent comparative study shows that they are in general rather active in EU affairs. This is all the more the case, where they are in a strong institutional position in EU affairs. In addition, their activities vary depending on the parliamentary function they emphasise most. Over the course of EU integration, national parliaments have undergone a profound process of formal Europeanisation and are now generally in a much better position to become involved in EU affairs. This adaptation has also followed roughly similar institutional patterns. National parliaments have all established specialised committees – the European Affairs Committees (EACs) – and they have obtained extended rights to be informed about and to give their views on European legislative proposals. Yet the question to what extent parliaments actually make use of their better formal position still remained open, especially given that MPs are well known for not regularly using all the weapons in their armoury. We therefore analysed the parliamentary EU activities across all 27 national parliaments in the EU between 2010 and 2012.

First lines : Τους μισθούς τουλάχιστον 160 ευρωσκεπτικιστών θα κληθούν να πληρώνουν οι ευρωπαίοι πολίτες στη νέα Ευρωβουλή που θα προκύψει από τις εκλογές της 25ης Μαΐου. Περίπου τόσοι υπολογίζονται οι ευρωσκεπτικιστές ευρωβουλευτές που θα εκλεγούν (επί συνόλου 764). Ο ευρωσκεπτικισμός βρίσκεται σε άνοδο καθώς είναι ένα χαρτί που παίζουν πολλοί, από το ένα ως το άλλο άκρο του πολιτικού φάσματος: ακροδεξιοί, λαϊκιστές («συντηρητικοί» ή «προοδευτικοί») και ακροαριστεροί, διχασμένοι στις απόψεις τους αλλά ενωμένοι στο μένος τους για την ΕΕ, την οποία κατηγορούν για την οικονομική κρίση, τους μετανάστες και τον καπιταλισμό.

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Premier paragraphe : En France, la réforme constitutionnelle de 2008 a accordé des droits nouveaux à l’opposition parlementaire. Comment définir son rôle politique? Quel est son statut dans nos démocraties majoritaires?

in Politique comparée Publication date 2018-11
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La session parlementaire extraordinaire s’est achevée mercredi. Les députés élus fin juin entament leurs vacances d’été, deux semaines pour se reposer avant une rentrée qui s’annonce chargée. Si vous êtes plutôt MTV que LCP, 20 Minutes vous livre quatre raisons pour lesquelles ces six semaines d’activité parlementaire ont été passionnantes (si, si…).

in Journal of Legislative Studies Publication date 2012-12
COSTA Olivier
LEFÉBURE Pierre
KERROUCHE Eric
SCHNATTERER Tinettte
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This article accounts for the paradoxical relationship between French citizens and their MPs. It is well known that the French chambers are among the weakest in Europe since the Constitution of the Fifth Republic restricts their role. The French chambers also suffer from their reputation in the public's opinion, as repeated survey results show. Therefore, despite great efforts to communicate, the National Assembly and the Senate have not succeeded in raising citizens' interest or confidence in their activities. However, at the same time, the representative link in France is characterised by MPs' personal involvement in their constituency which is strengthened by specific institutional incentives (electoral rules, accumulation of mandates, weakness of parties, etc.). Using diverse sets of data, including a survey of French députés' opinions and attitudes, this article provides a picture of contrasting features which are still part of today's debate about parliament. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group

in The Selection of Candidates for the European Parliament by National Parties and the Impact of European Political Parties Sous la direction de Parlement européen Publication date 2009-03
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This study compares the procedures applied by national political parties when they select their candidates for the European elections. It analyses the background in national law, the formal party statutes and informal processes preparing the final selection. The report covers the calendar, selection criteria and structural characteristics of candidate nomination in the major political parties of the Member States, including the impact of European political parties.

Premier paragraphe : Les sept élections au Parlement européen (PE), qui se sont succédé depuis 1979, ont été marquées par une abstention grandissante. Cette évolution marque-t-elle une défiance de plus en plus grande vis-à-vis de cette institution de l’UE ? Olivier Rozenberg, chercheur au Centre d’études européennes à Sciences Po, relativise l’évolution du phénomène.

1st lines:: France’s relationship with the EU appears paradoxical given the contrast between the traditional pro-EU involvement of French elites and regular expressions of reticence, such as the opposition to the Draft Constitutional Treaty rejected by referendum in 2005. As a result of this paradox, the national narratives for supporting French membership to the EU suffer from progressive erosion and Euroscepticism is subtly gaining ground. Support for the EU also has suffered, as in most of the other member states, from the on-going economic and financial crisis. The difficulties to overcome, as well as the growing gap between France and Germany, have been pointed to by Eurosceptic forces who criticise the lack of genuine protection offered by the EU. The argument is two-fold: globalisation is generally perceived as being as much of a threat as the enlargement of the EU.

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