Type
Article
Title
New challenges for the welfare state: The emergence of youth unemployment regimes in Europe?”
In
International Journal of Social Welfare
Author(s)
CINALLI Manlio - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Author)
GIUGNI Marco - UNIGE - Université de Genève (Author)
Editor
GB : Blackwell Publishing
Volume
22
Number
3
Pages
290 - 299 p.
ISSN
13696866
Keywords
unemployment, welfare regimes, political opportunity structures, labour market, youth
Abstract
EN
In this article we discuss the emergence of ‘youth unemployment regimes’ in Europe, that is, a set of coherent measures and policies aimed at providing state responses to the problem of unemployment and, more specifically, youth unemployment. We classify these measures and policies along two main dimensions: unemployment regulations and labour market regulations. Using original data, we show how seven European countries locate on these two dimensions as well as within the conceptual space resulting from the combination of the two dimensions. Our findings show cross-national variations that do not fit the traditional typologies of comparative welfare studies. At the same time, however, the findings allow for reflecting upon possible patterns of convergence across European countries. In particular, we show some important similarities in terms of flexible labour market regulations. In this regard, the recent years have witnessed a trend towards a flexibilisation of the labour market, regardless of the prevailing welfare regime.

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