Type
Article
Titre
A Means to a Changing End. European Resources: The EU and the Reconciliation of Paid Work and Private Life
Auteur(s)
Éditeur
BE
Volume
13
Numéro
1
Pages
26 - 46 p.
ISSN
13882627
Mots clés
European integration, Reconciliation policy, Welfare state reforms, Work-life balance
Résumé
EN
European resources related to reconciliation policies have been incrementally developed and transformed. Three main phases of this process can be distinguished in the progressive institutionalisation and evolution of this field of action at the EU level. At first, the reconciliation issue appeared on the European agenda as a spillover interpretation of ‘equal treatment’. It then acquired greater autonomy, becoming an equal opportunity policy, leading to the development of various (legal, financial, cognitive and political) instruments around the objectives of improving work/family balance and the division of labour between women and men. Finally, this field has been converted into an economic employment policy field aimed at modernising welfare systems and guaranteeing budgetary sustainability through increases in fertility rates and, most importantly, female employment rates. However, this has come at the expense of the initial gender equality goals. The conclusion underlines the diverse and evolving meanings of the ‘reconciliation’ issue and its orientation. This diversity in meanings and orientations allows greater room for manoeuvre at the domestic level and even more diverse patterns of national usages of Europe, as is shown in the rest of this special issue.
CITATION BIBLIOGRAPHIQUE
EXPORT