Type
Article
Titre
The Europeanization of the “Reconciliation Between Paid Work and Private Life” Policies in France: Boasting… but Learning
Auteur(s)
Éditeur
BE
Volume
13
Numéro
1
Pages
69 - 88 p.
ISSN
13882627
Mots clés
Europeanisation, Reconciliation policies, Social policies, Usages of Europe
Résumé
EN
France has a reputation for havinggenerousfamily policies and was considered to be a pioneer in 'reconciliation'policiesb efore they even came to be known by this term. Although they were created for other purposes (i.e. education and natalism), French policies indirectly favour women's participation in the labour market. One might thus expect that Europe would not have had a significant influence on French policies, even after the emergence of the reconciliation issue on the European agenda. However, despite conditions that would preclude any EU influence on French family policies (a small 'misfit' in the content of the policies, and a reluctance to refer to Europe), we show that family policies have been constantly reformed in France in recent decades in a direction that brings them closer to the EU model. Our approach, which looks at the usage of European resources within the national reform processes, shows how some important actors have seized the opportunities and concepts provided by the EU on reconciliation policies in order to remain central actors at the French level. The introduction of references to Europe has contributed to a reframingof the French debate and policies. Even though natalism is still central to many actors' concerns, the employment rate of women, and to a lesser extent gender equality, have become new driving forces within French family policy.
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