The Age of Dualization : The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies
EMMENEGGER Patrick - (Publishing director)
HAUSERMANN Silja - Department of Political Science, University of Zurich (Publishing director)
PALIER Bruno - Centre d'études européennes et de politique comparée (Publishing director)
SEELEIB-KAISER Martin - University of Oxford (Publishing director)
New York : Oxford University Press
338 p.
Social stratification, Equality, Labor market, Deindustrialization
Poverty, increased inequality, and social exclusion are back on the political agenda, not only as a consequence of the Great Recession of 2008, but also because of a seemingly structural trend towards increased inequality in advanced industrial societies that has persisted since the 1970s. Policies in labor markets, social policy, and political representation are strongly linked in the creation, widening, and deepening of insider-outsider divides--a process known as dualization. While it is certainly not the only driver of increasing inequality, its development across multiple domains makes dualization one of the most important current trends affecting developed societies. The comparative perspective of this book provides insights into why Nordic countries witness lower levels of insider-outsider divides, whereas in continental, liberal and southern welfare states, they are more likely to constitute a core characteristic of the political economy. Most importantly, the comparisons presented in this book point to the crucial importance of politics and political choice in driving and shaping the social outcomes of deindustrialization. While increased structural labor market divides can be found across all countries, governments have a strong responsibility in shaping the distributive consequences of these labor market changes. Insider-outsider divides are ultimately the result of political choice. A landmark publication, this volume is geared for faculty and graduate students of economics, political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as policymakers concerned with increasing inequality in a period of deep economic and social crisis. (Résumé éditeur)

Part I: Concept and Measurement 1. How We Grow Unequal Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Häusermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser 2. Varieties of Dualization? Labor Market Segmentation and Insider-Outsider Divides Across Regimes Silja Häusermann and Hanna Schwander 3. Labor Market Disadvantage and the Experience of Recurrent Poverty Mark Tomlinson and Robert Walker Part II: Decomposing Dualization 4. Whatever Works: Dualization and the Service Economy in Bismarckian Welfare States Werner Eichhorst and Paul Marx 5. Dualization and Gender in Social Services: The Role of the State in Germany and France Daniela Kroos and Karin Gottschall 6. From Dilemma to Dualization: Social and Migration Policies in the 'Reluctant Countries of Immigration Patrick Emmenegger and Romana Careja Part III: Varieties of Dualization 7. Shifting the Public-Private Mix: A New Dualization of Welfare Martin Seeleib-Kaiser, Adam Saunders, and Marek Naczyk 8. Responses to Labor Market Divides in Small States Since the 1990s Herbert Obinger, Peter Starke, and Alexandra Kaasch 9. Dualization and Institutional Complementarities: Industrial Relations, Labor Market and Welfare State Changes in France and Germany Bruno Palier and Kathleen Thelen 10. Economic Dualization in Japan and South Korea Ito Peng Part IV: The Politics of Dualization 11. Solidarity or Dualization? Social Governance, Union Preferences and Unemployment Benefit Adjustment in Belgium and France Daniel Clegg 12. Insider-Outsider Politics: Party Strategies and Political Behavior in Sweden Johannes Lindvall and David Rueda 13. How Rich Countries Cope With Deindustrialization Patrick Emmenegger, Silja Häusermann, Bruno Palier, and Martin Seeleib-Kaiser Index