Type
Partie ou chapitre de livre
Titre
An 'Arab Spring' for Corporatization? Tunisia's National Electricity Company (STEG)
Dans
Rethinking Corporatization: Public Utilities in the Global South
Auteur(s)
BENNASR Ali - Département de Géographie (University of Sfax) (Auteur)
VERDEIL Eric - Centre de recherches internationales (Auteur)
Éditeur
ZED Books
Pages
88 - 106 p.
Mots clés
energy, electricity, Tunisia, corporatization, public services, revolution
Résumé
EN
STEG, the Tunisian public company for electricity and gas, has been created in 1962 and has since operated as a major state tool for national integration and social and economic development. Rural and urban electrification is among its main achievements. Since the 1990's, the company has followed a more commercial-oriented approach, with the aim that tariff reflect the full production cost and to prevent the growth of the manpower. Such a contractualization policy with the state can be regarded as a corporatization policy. With the Tunisian revolution in 2011, this policy is being challenged. On the one hand, STEG has hired numerous new employees ; on the other hand, it is under financial pressure due to non-payment and agressions. The energy transition toward renewable energy, and pressures from international money funders, push for a liberalization of the electricity sector at a time where increasing energy demand makes strong investments necessary. STEG is a turning of its history.

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