Type
Partie ou chapitre de livre
Titre
Imagining and Representing the Spatial Aspect of Actors and Societies
Dans
Resources and Applied Methods in International Relations
Auteur(s)
DURAND Marie-Françoise - Sciences Po (Auteur)
MARTIN Benoit - Centre de recherches internationales (Auteur)
DEVIN Guillaume - (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
Éditeur
Palgrave Macmillan
Pages
57 - 73 p.
ISBN
9783319619781
Mots clés
international relations, research, maps, spatial representation
Résumé
EN
Like statistics, maps are pictures designed by their author or contracting organization, and a such these visualizations come to serve a particular practice or discourse. The various historical uses of maps (discoveries, administration, interstate sovereignty, etc.) show how effective they have been in serving specific purposes and also why they have been taken up so late by science. In the context of international relations research, designing a map should be considered a continuous process in which each choice - source, base map, statistical and graphic processing - has repercussions for the final image and thus its interpretation. This chapter uses two examples to illustrate these issues: international migration allows us to address certain issues concerning the nature of data (stocks/flows) and scales (global/regional/national); then, the case of France's arms exports provides an opportunity to question data producers (think tanks), units of account (values/percentages and chronology) and synchrony/diachrony. Finally, the last section evokes the multiple uses of maps in international relations research.

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