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Killing Candidates in Mexico. The PRD in the 1990s.
Mexico, elections, violence, 1990s, homicide
The 2018 electoral process has been described as the most violent in the history of Mexico. According to records compiled by Estrategia Electoral, “between September 8th, 2017, and August 31st, 2018 (initial and final dates of the federal electoral process), at least 145 local political actors or people related to electoral processes were murdered”. The sociologist Arturo Álvarez Mendoza arrived at almost asimilar figure, counting 140 deaths. In the recent year, political analysts seem to have discovered a new face of violence in the country: electoral violence. However, a reflection on Mexico’s political history shows that the episodes of 2018 must be inserted into a long chronology of violence that is detonated and resounds, above all, during electoral periods. The aim of this article is to show how the violence lived 30 years ago, during Carlos Salinas de Gortari’s presidency (1988-1994), which targeted mainly militants of the recently created Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD, Party of the Democratic Revolution), allows to trace a series of continuities and ruptures with the electoral violence witnessed in 2018.