Part or chapter of a book
Crime and Illegal Work
General Labour History of Africa. Workers, Employers and Governments, 20th-21st Centuries
Rochester : Boydell & Brewer Publishers
361 - 378 p.
Africa, crime, delinquency, illegal work
Many expressions in African societies identify groups that operate between the legal and illegal at the frontier of petty and serious crime: tsotsis or skollies in South Africa; wahuni in Tanzania; jaguda boys, boma boys or area boys in Nigeria. They designate broad categories that embrace the criminal, the delinquent, the young and the jobless. For a large section of society, these common labels represent the embodiment of danger, disorder, crime and delinquency. To consider an unemployed young person and a leader of a gang as belonging to the same category shows the difficulty in disentangling joblessness and crime...