De la déracialisation en Amérique : apports et limites de la Critical Race Theory
Droit et société
FR : Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence
287 - 301 p.
blanchité, constructivisme, discrimination, essentialisme, racisme, stéréotypes
Deracialization in America: Extending or Transcending Critical Race Theory? -- Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a heterogeneous movement whose most distinctive feature is the focus on race as both a political and legal construction and a matrix of unjust and cumulative inequalities. One of its major achievements is a sophisticated critique of the ideology of color-blindness, which fails to distinguish between different dimensions of race and conflates deracialization as ultimate goal and deracialization as immediately binding constraint on state action. Paradoxically, however, because of their emphasis on the structural and seemingly insuperable character of racism, most scholars associated with CRT do not attempt to identify the instruments and mechanisms through which the social institution of race, as defined above, might be undone. This essay offers a step in that direction.