Type
Article
Titre
System Justification and Affective Responses to Terrorism : Evidence from the November 2015 Paris Attacks
Dans
Political Psychology
Auteur(s)
VASILOPOULOS Pavlos - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Auteur)
BROUARD Sylvain - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Auteur)
Éditeur
US : US : International Society of Political Psychology
ISSN
14679221
DOI
10.1111/pops.12639
Mots clés
Terrorism, Emotions, System justification
Résumé
EN
A large stream of research has shown that emotional reactions have a powerful impact on political choices and decision‐making processes. Yet little is known about individual‐level differences in experiencing specific emotions in the light of threatening events. In this article, we argue that system justification, or the endorsement and bolstering of existing social and political arrangements, is positively associated with the experience of positive emotions and negatively associated with the experience of negative emotions in the light of threat. We test our hypotheses using a study conducted a few days after the November 13, 2015, Paris terror attacks on a large sample in France. Our results show that system justification was positively associated with experiencing hope in the light of the attacks and negatively associated with experiencing fear and anger. Moreover, the size of these effects exceeded the respective size of other psychological characteristics such as authoritarianism, conservatism, and national attachment. These findings extend research on the palliative function of system justification to the domain of emotional responses to terrorist shocks.

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